How Do You Say “Trial” In Spanish?

Spanish is a beautiful language that is spoken by millions of people around the world. Whether you are planning a trip to a Spanish-speaking country or simply want to expand your linguistic skills, learning Spanish can be an incredibly rewarding experience. One important aspect of learning any language is expanding your vocabulary, and in this article, we will explore how to say “trial” in Spanish.

The Spanish translation of “trial” is “juicio.” This word can be used to refer to a legal trial or a test or experiment. It is a commonly used word in both formal and informal contexts, and is an essential term to know if you are interested in legal or scientific fields.

How Do You Pronounce The Spanish Word For “Trial”?

If you’re learning Spanish, it’s important to know how to properly pronounce words to avoid any misunderstandings. In this article, we’ll go over how to say “trial” in Spanish and provide a phonetic breakdown to help you master the pronunciation.

Phonetic Breakdown

The Spanish word for “trial” is “juicio”. Here’s a phonetic breakdown to help you pronounce it correctly:

Letter(s) Pronunciation
j h sound, like in the word “huge”
u oo sound, like in the word “moon”
i ee sound, like in the word “see”
c th sound, like in the word “thin”
i ee sound, like in the word “see”
o oh sound, like in the word “go”

Tips For Pronunciation

Here are a few tips to help you pronounce “juicio” correctly:

  • Practice saying each syllable slowly and separately before putting them together.
  • Make sure to pronounce the “j” sound correctly, as it’s not a sound that exists in English.
  • Pay attention to the “c” sound, which is pronounced like a “th” sound in Spain, but like an “s” sound in Latin America.
  • Listen to native Spanish speakers and try to mimic their pronunciation.

With these tips and the phonetic breakdown, you’ll be able to say “trial” in Spanish like a pro in no time!

Proper Grammatical Use Of The Spanish Word For “Trial”

When using the Spanish word for “trial”, it is important to keep in mind proper grammar to avoid any confusion or misunderstandings. Here, we will explore the different aspects of the grammatical use of “trial” in Spanish.

Placement Of “Trial” In Sentences

The word for “trial” in Spanish is “juicio”. When using “juicio” in a sentence, it is typically placed after the verb. For example:

  • El juicio comenzará mañana. (The trial will begin tomorrow.)
  • La jueza presidió el juicio. (The judge presided over the trial.)

It is important to note that “juicio” can also be used as a noun phrase, in which case it can be placed at the beginning or end of a sentence. For example:

  • Juicio justo es lo que todos merecemos. (A fair trial is what we all deserve.)
  • Espero que el juicio termine pronto. (I hope the trial ends soon.)

Verb Conjugations Or Tenses

When using “juicio” in sentences with verbs, it is important to conjugate the verb appropriately. The tense of the verb will depend on the context of the sentence and the time frame being referred to. For example:

  • El abogado presentó las pruebas durante el juicio. (The lawyer presented the evidence during the trial. – past tense)
  • Siempre hay nerviosismo antes del juicio. (There is always nervousness before the trial. – present tense)
  • Espero que el juicio sea justo. (I hope the trial will be fair. – future tense)

Agreement With Gender And Number

In Spanish, nouns must agree with the gender and number of the subject they are referring to. “Juicio” is a masculine noun, so it must be paired with masculine articles and adjectives. For example:

  • El juicio fue justo. (The trial was fair. – masculine singular)
  • Los juicios fueron justos. (The trials were fair. – masculine plural)

Common Exceptions

There are some exceptions to the grammatical rules of “juicio” in Spanish. For example, when referring to a trial in a legal sense, it is common to use the phrase “juzgado” instead of “juicio”. This is because “juzgado” refers to the entire legal process, whereas “juicio” specifically refers to the trial portion of the process. Additionally, in some Latin American countries, the word “juicio” is sometimes used to refer to a lawsuit or legal action in general, rather than specifically a trial.

Examples Of Phrases Using The Spanish Word For “Trial”

When it comes to legal proceedings, knowing the correct terminology can be crucial. If you’re trying to communicate about trials in Spanish, it’s important to understand the different phrases and expressions that are commonly used. Here are some examples of phrases that include the Spanish word for “trial” and how they are used in sentences:

1. Juicio

“Juicio” is the most common word for “trial” in Spanish, and it can be used in a variety of contexts. Here are some examples:

  • Estoy esperando mi juicio. (I’m waiting for my trial.)
  • El juicio comenzará la semana que viene. (The trial will begin next week.)
  • El juicio fue justo. (The trial was fair.)

As you can see, “juicio” can be used to refer to both criminal and civil trials, as well as to describe the fairness or outcome of a trial.

2. Proceso Judicial

“Proceso judicial” is a more formal and specific phrase that refers to the entire legal process leading up to a trial. Here are some examples:

  • El proceso judicial ha sido largo y complicado. (The legal process has been long and complicated.)
  • Los abogados están discutiendo los detalles del proceso judicial. (The lawyers are discussing the details of the legal process.)

While “juicio” can refer specifically to the trial itself, “proceso judicial” encompasses everything from the initial investigation to the final verdict.

3. Prueba

“Prueba” can be translated as “trial” in certain contexts, specifically when referring to a test or experiment. Here are some examples:

  • Esta nueva medicina está en prueba. (This new medicine is in trial.)
  • Vamos a hacer una prueba para ver si funciona. (We’re going to do a trial to see if it works.)

While “prueba” is not commonly used to refer to legal trials, it’s important to be aware of this meaning in case it comes up in other contexts.

Example Spanish Dialogue:

Here’s an example dialogue using the Spanish word for “trial” in different contexts:

Juan: ¿Cómo estás, Pedro?

Pedro: No muy bien. Estoy esperando mi juicio.

Juan: Lo siento mucho. ¿Cuándo es?

Pedro: El juicio comenzará la semana que viene.

Juan: Espero que sea justo.

Pedro: Sí, yo también. El proceso judicial ha sido muy complicado.


Juan: How are you, Pedro?

Pedro: Not very well. I’m waiting for my trial.

Juan: I’m so sorry. When is it?

Pedro: The trial will begin next week.

Juan: I hope it’s fair.

Pedro: Yes, me too. The legal process has been very complicated.

More Contextual Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Trial”

When it comes to the Spanish word for “trial,” there are various contexts in which it can be used. From formal to informal settings, slang to idiomatic expressions, and even cultural or historical uses, the word has a versatile range of meanings. In this section, we will explore the different contextual uses of the Spanish word for “trial.”

Formal Usage Of Trial

In legal contexts, the Spanish word for “trial” is “juicio.” This formal usage of the word refers to a judicial process in which a case is heard and decided upon by a judge or jury. It can also refer to the act of judging or evaluating something.

For example:

  • El juicio comenzará mañana. (The trial will begin tomorrow.)
  • La ley establece que toda persona tiene derecho a un juicio justo. (The law establishes that every person has the right to a fair trial.)
  • El juicio de valor se basa en una evaluación subjetiva. (The judgment is based on a subjective evaluation.)

Informal Usage Of Trial

Outside of legal contexts, the Spanish word for “trial” can be used in a more informal or colloquial way. In these cases, the word “prueba” is often used instead. This informal usage of the word can refer to testing or trying out something.

For example:

  • Voy a hacer una prueba de manejo del auto. (I’m going to test drive the car.)
  • ¿Quieres probar este nuevo platillo? (Do you want to try this new dish?)
  • La prueba de sonido se realizará antes del concierto. (The soundcheck will be done before the concert.)

Other Contexts Such As Slang, Idiomatic Expressions, Or Cultural/historical Uses

Aside from formal and informal contexts, the Spanish word for “trial” can also be used in slang, idiomatic expressions, or cultural/historical uses. For example, in some Latin American countries, the word “juicio” is used to refer to a hangover.

Additionally, there are various idiomatic expressions that use the word “prueba,” such as:

  • Dar la prueba (to give proof)
  • Salir a prueba (to go out on a limb)
  • Poner a prueba (to put to the test)

In historical or cultural contexts, the word “juicio” can refer to significant trials or legal cases that have had a profound impact on society. For example, the trial of O.J. Simpson in the United States was referred to as “el juicio del siglo” (the trial of the century).

Popular Cultural Usage, If Applicable

Finally, the Spanish word for “trial” can also be used in popular cultural contexts. For example, the popular Netflix series “Narcos” features a lot of legal and judicial terminology, including the word “juicio.”

Overall, the Spanish word for “trial” has a wide range of contextual uses, from formal legal settings to informal slang. By understanding these different uses, you can better navigate Spanish language and culture.

Regional Variations Of The Spanish Word For “Trial”

Spanish is a widely spoken language that is spoken in many countries across the world, each with their unique dialects and variations of the language. One area where these variations are evident is in the Spanish word for “trial.”

How The Spanish Word For Trial Is Used In Different Spanish-speaking Countries

The Spanish language has many words that have different meanings across various Spanish-speaking countries. The word for “trial” is no exception. In Spain, the word for “trial” is “juicio,” which is the most commonly used term. Meanwhile, in Latin America, the word “juicio” is also used, but there are also many other variations of the word used in different countries.

In Mexico, the word for “trial” is “juicio,” but it is also commonly referred to as “proceso” or “litigio.” In Argentina, the word for “trial” is “juicio oral,” which refers to an oral trial, while in Chile, the word “juicio” is used, but the term “proceso judicial” is also common.

It is important to note that the different variations of the Spanish word for “trial” are often used interchangeably within the same country and even within the same region. This is because Spanish speakers are often exposed to different dialects and variations of the language, which can influence the words they use.

Regional Pronunciations

Along with different variations of the word for “trial,” there are also regional differences in pronunciation. For example, in Spain, the “j” sound in “juicio” is pronounced as an “h” sound, while in Latin America, the “j” sound is pronounced as a “y” sound. Additionally, there are differences in the stress placed on certain syllables in the word, which can also vary by region.

Below is a table that shows the different variations of the Spanish word for “trial” and their corresponding pronunciations in different Spanish-speaking countries:

Country Word for “Trial” Pronunciation
Spain Juicio “Hoo-ee-thio”
Mexico Juicio, Proceso, Litigio “Hoo-ee-thio,” “Proh-say-so,” “Lee-tee-hee-oh”
Argentina Juicio Oral “Hoo-ee-thio Oh-ral”
Chile Juicio, Proceso Judicial “Hoo-ee-thio,” “Proh-say-so Hoo-dee-see-al”

Other Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Trial” In Speaking & Writing

While “trial” in Spanish typically refers to a legal proceeding, the word can have different meanings depending on context. It is important to understand the various uses of the word in order to accurately communicate and comprehend in Spanish.

Other Meanings Of “Trial” In Spanish

Here are some other ways that “trial” can be used in Spanish:

  • Experimento – “Trial” can refer to a scientific experiment or trial.
  • Prueba – “Trial” can also mean a test or trial run of a product or service.
  • Dificultad – “Trial” can be used to describe a difficult or trying experience.
  • Ensayo – “Trial” can refer to a literary or musical composition that is a trial or experiment.

It is important to be able to distinguish between these different uses of “trial” in order to accurately understand and communicate in Spanish. Paying attention to context and using additional context clues can help differentiate between these different meanings.

Common Words And Phrases Similar To The Spanish Word For “Trial”

When it comes to legal terminology, it’s important to understand the nuances of different words and phrases, especially when translating from one language to another. Here are some common words and phrases similar to the Spanish word for “trial,” along with their meanings and usage:

Synonyms And Related Terms

While “juicio” is the most common term for “trial” in Spanish, there are several related terms that may be used in different contexts:

  • Proceso: This word can refer to a legal process in general, or specifically to a trial or lawsuit.
  • Litigio: This term refers to a legal dispute or litigation, which may or may not involve a trial.
  • Juzgado: This word can refer to a court or tribunal, as well as the process of being judged or tried.

While these terms are related to “juicio,” they may be used in slightly different ways depending on the context. For example, “proceso” may be used to refer to the entire legal process leading up to a trial, while “juzgado” may refer specifically to the courtroom.


Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings to another word. While there are many words that could be considered antonyms of “juicio,” here are a few that are commonly used:

  • Absolución: This term refers to an acquittal or exoneration, meaning that the defendant is found not guilty.
  • Condena: This word means a sentence or conviction, indicating that the defendant has been found guilty and will be punished.
  • Arreglo: This term refers to a settlement or agreement between parties, which may be reached outside of a trial setting.

While these terms are not exactly opposite to “juicio,” they may be used in contrast to it depending on the outcome of the legal process. For example, if a defendant is absuelto (acquitted), there may not have been a trial at all.

Mistakes To Avoid When Using The Spanish Word For “Trial”

When speaking or writing in Spanish, it is important to use the correct word for “trial.” However, many non-native speakers make common mistakes that can lead to confusion or misunderstandings. Some of the most common errors include:

  • Using the word “juicio” instead of “prueba”
  • Using “ensayo” instead of “prueba”
  • Using “experimento” instead of “prueba”

Highlighting These Mistakes And Providing Tips To Avoid Them

To avoid these mistakes, it is important to understand the nuances and meanings of each word. Here are some tips to help you use the correct word for “trial” in Spanish:

  1. Use “prueba” to refer to a trial in a legal or judicial sense. This is the most common and appropriate word to use in this context.
  2. Use “juicio” to refer to a trial in a more general sense, such as a trial period or a trial run. However, be aware that “juicio” can also refer to a legal trial.
  3. Use “ensayo” to refer to a test or experiment, such as a scientific trial or a product trial.
  4. Use “experimento” to refer to a scientific experiment or study.

By using the correct word in the appropriate context, you can avoid confusion and effectively communicate your message in Spanish.

Word Meaning Example
Prueba Trial (legal or judicial) “El juicio comenzará después de la prueba.”
Juicio Trial (general sense) “El juicio de la nueva tecnología fue un éxito.”
Ensayo Test or experiment “El ensayo clínico demostró la eficacia del tratamiento.”
Experimento Scientific experiment or study “El experimento demostró la hipótesis.”


Throughout this blog post, we have explored the various ways to say “trial” in Spanish. We started by examining the direct translation of “trial” to “juicio.” However, we also discussed the importance of understanding the context in which the word is being used, as there are many other translations depending on the situation.

We then delved into the different meanings of “trial” in English, such as a legal trial, a scientific trial, or a trial period. For each of these meanings, we provided the corresponding Spanish translation and examples of how to use them in context.

Encouragement To Practice

Learning a new language can be challenging, but with practice and dedication, anyone can become fluent. We encourage you to use the translations and examples provided in this blog post to practice incorporating “trial” into your Spanish conversations.

By using the correct Spanish translation for “trial” in various contexts, you will not only improve your language skills but also increase your ability to effectively communicate with Spanish speakers.

So don’t be afraid to practice and make mistakes. With time and effort, you will become more comfortable and confident in your Spanish-speaking abilities.

Shawn Manaher

Shawn Manaher is the founder and CEO of The Content Authority and He’s a seasoned innovator, harnessing the power of technology to connect cultures through language. His worse translation though is when he refers to “pancakes” as “flat waffles”.