How Do You Say “Subpoenaed” In Spanish?

Have you ever found yourself in a situation where you needed to know how to say a certain word or phrase in another language? Perhaps you’re planning a trip to a Spanish-speaking country and want to brush up on your language skills. Or maybe you work in a legal profession and need to communicate with Spanish-speaking clients or colleagues. Whatever your reason for wanting to learn Spanish, it’s always helpful to have a few key words and phrases at your disposal.

One such word that may come up in legal contexts is “subpoenaed”. In Spanish, the translation for this word is “citado”. Knowing this translation can be invaluable if you find yourself needing to communicate with Spanish-speaking individuals about legal matters.

How Do You Pronounce The Spanish Word For “Subpoenaed”?

Learning to properly pronounce a word in a foreign language can be a challenge. It requires a keen ear and an understanding of the language’s unique sounds. If you’re wondering how to say “subpoenaed” in Spanish, we’ve got you covered.

Phonetic Breakdown

The Spanish word for “subpoenaed” is “citado a comparecer.” Here’s the phonetic breakdown:

  • Citado: see-tah-doh
  • A: ah
  • Comparecer: kohm-pah-reh-thair

When spoken together, the word sounds like “see-tah-doh ah kohm-pah-reh-thair.”

Tips For Pronunciation

Here are some tips to help you pronounce “citado a comparecer” correctly:

  1. Practice the individual sounds first. Break down the word into its three parts and practice saying each one separately until you feel confident with the pronunciation.
  2. Pay attention to stress. In Spanish, the stress is typically on the second-to-last syllable. In this case, the stress falls on the “ta” in “citado.”
  3. Listen to native speakers. One of the best ways to learn proper pronunciation is to listen to native speakers. You can watch Spanish-language TV shows or movies, or listen to Spanish-language music.

With these tips, you’ll be able to confidently say “citado a comparecer” in no time.

Proper Grammatical Use Of The Spanish Word For “Subpoenaed”

Proper grammar is crucial when using the Spanish word for “subpoenaed.” Not only does it ensure clear communication, but it also demonstrates respect for the language and culture.

Placement Of Subpoenaed In Sentences

In Spanish, the word “subpoenaed” is “citado/a.” It is important to note that “citado/a” is a past participle and should be used with an auxiliary verb to form the compound tenses.

For example:

  • He sido citado/a para testificar. (I have been subpoenaed to testify.)
  • El juez ha citado/a a varios testigos. (The judge has subpoenaed several witnesses.)

“Citado/a” can also be used as an adjective to describe the person who has been subpoenaed.

For example:

  • La testigo citada/a no se presentó en la corte. (The subpoenaed witness did not show up in court.)

Verb Conjugations Or Tenses

When using “citado/a” in compound tenses, it should be paired with an auxiliary verb. The auxiliary verb used will depend on the tense being used.

For example:

Tense Auxiliary Verb
Present Perfect Haber
Future Perfect Haber
Conditional Perfect Haber
Pluperfect Haber

For example:

  • Yo he sido citado/a. (I have been subpoenaed.)
  • Ellos habrán sido citados/as. (They will have been subpoenaed.)
  • Nosotros habríamos sido citados/as. (We would have been subpoenaed.)
  • Tú habías sido citado/a. (You had been subpoenaed.)

Agreement With Gender And Number

As with most Spanish adjectives, “citado/a” agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies.

For example:

  • Los testigos citados no se presentaron. (The subpoenaed witnesses did not show up.)
  • La abogada citada no pudo asistir. (The subpoenaed lawyer could not attend.)

Common Exceptions

One common exception to the use of “citado/a” is in the legal phrase “subpoena duces tecum.” In this case, “duces tecum” is a Latin phrase that means “bring with you.” Therefore, the proper translation of “subpoena duces tecum” is “citación con requerimiento de documentos.”

It is important to note that legal language can vary by country and region, so it is always best to consult with a legal expert or translator for specific legal terminology.

Examples Of Phrases Using The Spanish Word For “Subpoenaed”

When it comes to legal proceedings, it’s important to understand key legal terms in both your native language and any other languages involved in the case. One such term is “subpoenaed,” which refers to a legal document that requires someone to appear in court or provide evidence. Here are some examples of common phrases that include the Spanish word for “subpoenaed,” along with explanations and translations.


  • Está siendo citado a comparecer ante el tribunal. This phrase means “You are being subpoenaed to appear in court.” It’s a common way to inform someone that they are legally required to attend a court hearing or other legal proceeding.
  • La fiscalía emitió una orden de comparecencia. This phrase means “The prosecution issued a subpoena.” It’s a way to describe the legal action that the prosecution takes to require someone to appear in court or provide evidence.
  • El juez ordenó que se presentara una citación. This phrase means “The judge ordered a subpoena to be issued.” It’s a way to describe the legal action that a judge takes to require someone to appear in court or provide evidence.

Example Dialogue

Here’s an example of a conversation that might take place in Spanish regarding a subpoena:

English Spanish
The lawyer served her client with a subpoena. La abogada entregó una citación a su cliente.
What does the subpoena say? ¿Qué dice la citación?
It requires him to appear in court next week. Le exige comparecer ante el tribunal la próxima semana.
Can he refuse? ¿Puede negarse?
No, if he does he could face legal consequences. No, si lo hace podría enfrentar consecuencias legales.

Understanding legal terminology in multiple languages is crucial for anyone involved in legal proceedings. By learning phrases that include the Spanish word for “subpoenaed,” you’ll be better equipped to navigate the legal system and ensure that you’re meeting all of your legal obligations.

More Contextual Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Subpoenaed”

When it comes to legal terminology, it is important to understand the various contexts in which a specific word can be used. The Spanish word for “subpoenaed,” or “citado,” is no exception. Here are some of the different ways this word can be used:

Formal Usage Of Subpoenaed

In a formal legal context, the word “citado” is used to refer to someone who has been served a subpoena. This is a formal document that requires the recipient to appear in court or provide testimony in a legal proceeding. In this context, the word “citado” is often used in legal documents and court proceedings.

Informal Usage Of Subpoenaed

While “citado” is the formal term for “subpoenaed” in Spanish, there are also informal ways to refer to someone who has been served with a subpoena. For example, someone might say “le llegó una citación” (they received a subpoena) or “lo llamaron a declarar” (they were called to testify). These informal expressions are more commonly used in everyday conversation and may not be appropriate for formal legal documents.

Other Contexts

Aside from legal contexts, the word “citado” can also be used in other ways. For example, it can be used as part of an idiomatic expression like “estar citado en todas partes” (to be invited everywhere). This expression means that someone is very popular or well-connected and is invited to many events or gatherings.

In some Latin American countries, “citado” can also be used as a slang term to refer to someone who is arrogant or full of themselves. This usage is not common in formal or polite conversation, but may be heard in more casual settings.

Popular Cultural Usage

Finally, it is worth noting that the word “citado” has been used in popular culture in various ways. For example, in the Mexican film “El Infierno,” the main character is “citado” by the police to testify about a crime he witnessed. The film uses this legal context to explore broader themes of corruption and violence in Mexican society.

Overall, the Spanish word for “subpoenaed” has a range of different uses and contexts. Understanding these nuances can help you communicate more effectively in legal and everyday situations.

Regional Variations Of The Spanish Word For “Subpoenaed”

One interesting aspect of the Spanish language is the existence of regional variations. Just as English has different dialects and accents in different parts of the world, Spanish also has its own set of variations depending on the country or region where it is spoken.

Usage Of The Spanish Word For Subpoenaed

The Spanish word for “subpoenaed” is “citado/a a comparecer”. However, this term is not universally used across all Spanish-speaking countries. In some countries, other terms are used to refer to a subpoena. For example, in Mexico, the term “cédula de citación” is used instead of “citado/a a comparecer”.

It is important to note that even within a single country, different legal systems or regions might have their own specific terminology. For instance, in Spain, the term “requerimiento judicial” is used in some regions, while others use “citación judicial”.

Regional Pronunciations

In addition to differences in terminology, there are also variations in pronunciation across different Spanish-speaking countries. For example, in Spain, the “s” sound is often pronounced with a lisp, while in many Latin American countries, the “s” sound is pronounced more like an “h”. This can affect the way that the word for “subpoenaed” is pronounced in different regions.

Here are some examples of how the word for “subpoenaed” might be pronounced in different countries:

  • In Spain: “thi-ta-do/a a com-pa-re-ther”
  • In Mexico: “se-du-la de ci-ta-ción”
  • In Argentina: “ci-ta-do/a a com-pa-re-ser”
  • In Colombia: “ci-ta-do/a a kom-pa-re-ser”

These variations in pronunciation might seem minor, but they can have a significant impact on how easily Spanish speakers from different regions can understand each other. It is important to be aware of these differences when communicating with Spanish speakers from different countries or regions.

Other Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Subpoenaed” In Speaking & Writing

While “subpoenaed” in English refers specifically to a legal summons for a person to appear in court, the Spanish word for “subpoenaed,” “citado,” can have several other meanings depending on the context in which it is used. It is important to understand these different uses in order to use the word correctly and avoid confusion.

Use In Everyday Conversation

In everyday conversation, “citado” can be used to refer to an appointment or meeting that has been scheduled. For example, one might say “Estoy citado con el doctor a las dos de la tarde” (I have an appointment with the doctor at two o’clock in the afternoon). In this context, “citado” simply means that a time and place have been arranged for the meeting.

Use In Legal Contexts

As previously mentioned, “citado” can also refer specifically to a legal summons, similar to the English use of “subpoenaed.” In this context, it is important to distinguish between the different types of legal summons that exist in Spanish-speaking countries.

In Spain, for example, a “citación” is a summons to appear in court as a witness or as a defendant. On the other hand, a “requerimiento” is a summons to provide information or documents to the court. In Latin American countries, the terminology may differ slightly, but the basic distinctions remain the same.

Use In Journalism

Finally, “citado” can also be used in journalism to refer to a source who has been cited in an article. In this context, it simply means that the source has been mentioned or quoted in the piece. For example, a journalist might write “El presidente de la compañía fue citado en el artículo” (The president of the company was cited in the article).

As we can see, the Spanish word for “subpoenaed” can have different meanings depending on the context in which it is used. While it is important to understand the legal use of the word, it is also important to be aware of its other meanings in everyday conversation and journalism. By being aware of these different uses, we can use the word “citado” correctly and avoid confusion.

Common Words And Phrases Similar To The Spanish Word For “Subpoenaed”

When it comes to legal terms, it’s not uncommon for there to be multiple words or phrases that convey a similar meaning to a particular word. In the case of the Spanish word for “subpoenaed,” there are a few similar terms that may be useful to know.

Synonyms And Related Terms

One term that is often used interchangeably with “subpoenaed” is “summoned.” Both of these words refer to the act of legally compelling someone to appear in court or to provide evidence. Another related term is “cited,” which refers to the act of officially notifying someone that they are required to appear in court.

In some cases, “subpoenaed” may also be used in a more general sense to refer to any legal order or document that requires someone to appear in court or to provide evidence. In this context, terms like “writ” or “mandate” may be used instead.

Differences In Usage

While these terms may be similar, they do have some differences in usage. For example, “summoned” may be used more broadly than “subpoenaed” to refer to any legal order or notice, not just those related to appearing in court. “Cited” may also be used more commonly in certain legal contexts, such as traffic citations.

It’s important to note that the specific usage of these terms may vary depending on the legal jurisdiction or context. For example, in some countries, “summoned” may be used more commonly than “subpoenaed,” while in others, the opposite may be true.


While there may not be a direct antonym for “subpoenaed,” there are some terms that convey the opposite meaning. For example, “dismissed” or “discharged” may be used to refer to a legal order or case that has been dropped or ended without requiring someone to appear in court or provide evidence.

Another term that may be considered an antonym of “subpoenaed” is “exonerated,” which refers to someone being cleared of any wrongdoing or liability. However, this term may not be directly related to the legal process of being subpoenaed.

Mistakes To Avoid When Using The Spanish Word For “Subpoenaed”

When it comes to legal terms, non-native speakers can often struggle with the correct pronunciation and usage. The Spanish word for “subpoenaed” is no exception. Common mistakes made by non-native speakers include mispronunciation, incorrect conjugation, and confusion with similar words.


In conclusion, we have discussed the meaning and translation of the word “subpoenaed” into Spanish. We have learned that “subpoenaed” is translated to “citado a comparecer” in Spanish, which means to be summoned to appear before a court of law.

We have also explored the different contexts in which the word “subpoenaed” can be used, such as in legal documents, court proceedings, and other formal situations. It is important to note that the correct usage of this term is crucial, as it can have serious legal implications.

It is encouraged that individuals practice using the word “subpoenaed” in real-life conversations to improve their language skills and fluency. By doing so, they can expand their vocabulary and become more confident in their ability to communicate effectively in Spanish.

Remember, language learning is a continuous process, and the more you practice, the better you will become. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes, as they are a natural part of the learning process. Keep practicing and expanding your knowledge of the Spanish language, and you will soon be able to use the word “subpoenaed” with ease.

Shawn Manaher

Shawn Manaher is the founder and CEO of The Content Authority and He’s a seasoned innovator, harnessing the power of technology to connect cultures through language. His worse translation though is when he refers to “pancakes” as “flat waffles”.