How Do You Say “Sternum” In Spanish?

Spanish is a beautiful language that is spoken by millions of people around the world. It is a language that is rich in culture and history, and learning it can be a rewarding experience. For those who are interested in learning Spanish, one of the first things they may want to know is how to say certain words in Spanish. One such word is “sternum”. In Spanish, the word for sternum is “esternón”.

How Do You Pronounce The Spanish Word For “Sternum”?

Learning to properly pronounce a new word in a foreign language can be challenging, but it is an essential part of effective communication. If you’re wondering how to say “sternum” in Spanish, you’ve come to the right place! The Spanish word for “sternum” is “esternón”.

Phonetic Breakdown

To help you pronounce “esternón” correctly, here is a phonetic breakdown of the word:

  • ehs-tehr-n-OHN

This breakdown may look a bit confusing at first, but it will make sense once you start to practice saying the word out loud.

Tips For Pronunciation

Here are some tips to help you pronounce “esternón” correctly:

  1. Start by pronouncing the “e” sound as in the English word “bet”.
  2. Next, say the “s” sound, which is similar to the English “s” sound but with a bit more emphasis on the “hissing” noise.
  3. Move on to the “t” sound, which is similar to the English “t” sound but with a bit more emphasis on the tongue tapping against the roof of the mouth.
  4. Next, say the “eh” sound again, followed by the “r” sound.
  5. Finally, end with the “n” sound, which is similar to the English “n” sound but with a bit more emphasis on the “nasal” quality.

Remember, the key to learning proper pronunciation is practice. Keep practicing saying “esternón” out loud until you feel confident that you’re saying it correctly. With a bit of effort, you’ll be able to communicate effectively in Spanish and impress native speakers with your language skills.

Proper Grammatical Use Of The Spanish Word For “Sternum”

When using the Spanish word for “sternum,” it is important to understand proper grammar to effectively communicate your message. Here are some key considerations:

Placement Of Sternum In Sentences

In Spanish, the word for “sternum” is “esternón.” Like in English, the placement of “esternón” in a sentence depends on the context and intention of the speaker. It can be used as a subject, object, or part of a prepositional phrase. Here are some examples:

  • El esternón es un hueso importante del cuerpo humano. (The sternum is an important bone in the human body.)
  • El médico examinó mi esternón después del accidente. (The doctor examined my sternum after the accident.)
  • El dolor en el esternón puede ser un síntoma de problemas cardíacos. (Pain in the sternum can be a symptom of heart problems.)

Verb Conjugations Or Tenses

When using “esternón” in a sentence, it is important to consider verb conjugations or tenses if applicable. For example:

  • Si me golpeo el esternón, me duele. (If I hit my sternum, it hurts.)
  • El médico me dijo que el esternón se está curando bien. (The doctor told me that the sternum is healing well.)

Agreement With Gender And Number

In Spanish, all nouns have a gender and number. “Esternón” is a masculine noun, so it should be used with masculine articles and adjectives. For example:

  • El esternón
  • Un esternón roto

If referring to multiple sternums, “esternón” should be pluralized to “esternones.” For example:

  • Los esternones son huesos planos y alargados que se encuentran en la parte anterior del tórax. (The sternums are flat and elongated bones that are located in the anterior part of the thorax.)

Common Exceptions

While there are no common exceptions to using “esternón” grammatically, it is important to note that regional dialects and variations may exist.

Examples Of Phrases Using The Spanish Word For “Sternum”

When it comes to learning a new language, it’s important to not only understand individual words but also how they are used in context. One important word in the human anatomy is “sternum.” In Spanish, the word for sternum is “esternón.” Here are some common phrases that include the word esternón:

Examples And Explanation Of Usage

  • “Dolor en el esternón” – This phrase translates to “pain in the sternum” in English. It’s commonly used to describe discomfort or pain in the chest area.
  • “Fractura de esternón” – This phrase means “sternum fracture” in English. It’s used to describe a break or crack in the bone located in the center of the chest.
  • “Masaje en el esternón” – This phrase translates to “massage on the sternum” in English. It’s used to describe a massage technique that focuses on the chest area.

These phrases are just a few examples of how the word esternón is used in Spanish. It’s important to note that these phrases are often used in medical or anatomical contexts.

Example Spanish Dialogue (With Translations)

Spanish Dialogue English Translation
“Me duele el esternón.” “My sternum hurts.”
“¿Tienes alguna fractura en el esternón?” “Do you have any fractures in your sternum?”
“Necesito un masaje en el esternón.” “I need a massage on my sternum.”

In the above dialogue, you can see how the word esternón is used in context. The first sentence describes pain in the chest area, while the second sentence asks about potential fractures in the sternum. The third sentence requests a massage technique that focuses on the chest area.

Overall, understanding how to use the word esternón in context is an important part of learning Spanish, especially if you’re interested in medical or anatomical topics.

More Contextual Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Sternum”

Understanding the different contexts in which the Spanish word for “sternum” is used is important for effective communication in the language. Here are some of the varying contexts:

Formal Usage Of Sternum

In formal settings such as medical or anatomical discussions, the word for “sternum” in Spanish is “esternón.” This term is used to refer to the bone that connects the ribs in the front of the chest, which is an essential part of the human body. It is important to use this term correctly in formal settings to avoid confusion and misinterpretation.

Informal Usage Of Sternum

Informal usage of the Spanish word for “sternum” can vary depending on the region and the context of the conversation. In some Latin American countries, it is common to use the slang term “pechera” or “chasis” to refer to the sternum. These terms are not considered appropriate in formal settings, but they are widely used in everyday conversations.

Other Contexts

Aside from formal and informal usage, the Spanish word for “sternum” can also be used in idiomatic expressions or cultural/historical contexts. For example, in Spanish folklore, the sternum is associated with the heart and is believed to be the place where the soul resides. In some regions of Spain, the sternum is also used as a symbol of strength and courage.

Additionally, there are also slang terms that use the word “esternón” as part of their meaning, such as “estar hasta el esternón” which means to be fed up or overwhelmed.

Popular Cultural Usage

The Spanish word for “sternum” is not commonly used in popular culture, but it can be found in some medical dramas or documentaries that discuss the human body. It is also used in some songs and poems as a metaphor for love or passion.

Regional Variations Of The Spanish Word For “Sternum”

Like any language, Spanish has its own set of regional variations and dialects. This is reflected in the different words used to refer to the same thing in different Spanish-speaking countries. One such example is the word for “sternum.”

Usage Of The Spanish Word For Sternum In Different Countries

The Spanish word for “sternum” is “esternón.” However, in some Spanish-speaking countries, other words are used to refer to the same bone. For example:

  • In Mexico, “pecho” is commonly used instead of “esternón.”
  • In Argentina and Uruguay, “quilla” is used instead of “esternón.”
  • In Chile, “tórax” is sometimes used instead of “esternón.”

It is important to note that “esternón” is still the most widely recognized term for “sternum” across Spanish-speaking countries.

Regional Pronunciations

In addition to different words being used for “sternum,” there are also regional variations in how the word “esternón” is pronounced. For example:

Country Pronunciation
Spain eh-stehr-NOHN
Mexico ehs-tehr-NOHN
Argentina keh-SHYA
Chile ehs-tehr-NOHN or eh-STEHR-non

It is important to be aware of these regional variations in order to better understand and communicate with Spanish speakers from different countries.

Other Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Sternum” In Speaking & Writing

While “esternón” is commonly used in Spanish to refer to the sternum bone, it can also have other meanings depending on the context in which it is used. It is important to understand these different uses to avoid confusion and ensure clear communication.

Medical Terminology

In addition to referring to the bone in the chest, “esternón” can also be used in medical terminology to describe the area of the body surrounding the sternum. This can include the muscles and tissues that attach to the sternum, as well as the organs located in the chest cavity.

For example, a doctor may use the term “esternón” to refer to the site of a chest injury or the location of a surgical incision. Understanding this usage is particularly important for individuals working in the medical field or those seeking medical treatment in a Spanish-speaking country.

Figurative Language

Like many words in Spanish and other languages, “esternón” can also be used in figurative language to convey a particular meaning or emotion. In these cases, the word may not be used to refer to the physical bone at all, but rather to symbolize something else entirely.

For example, “tener el esternón caliente” (literally, “to have a hot sternum”) is a common expression in Spanish that means to feel a strong emotion, such as anger or passion. Similarly, “tocarle el esternón a alguien” (literally, “to touch someone’s sternum”) can mean to deeply affect or move someone emotionally.

Distinguishing Between Uses

When using or interpreting the word “esternón” in Spanish, it is important to consider the context in which it is being used to determine the intended meaning. In medical contexts, the word is likely being used to refer to the bone or surrounding structures in the chest area.

However, in other contexts, such as literature or conversation, the word may be used in a more symbolic or metaphorical sense. In these cases, it is important to consider the overall message or emotion being conveyed to understand the intended meaning of the word.

Common Words And Phrases Similar To The Spanish Word For “Sternum”

Synonyms And Related Terms

While “esternón” is the most commonly used term for “sternum” in Spanish, there are a few related terms that may be used in specific contexts.

  • “Pecho” is a general term for “chest” and can sometimes be used interchangeably with “esternón” when referring to the bone structure.
  • “Costillas” are the ribs, which are connected to the sternum and form the ribcage.
  • “Clavícula” is the collarbone, which is also connected to the sternum.

While these terms are related to the sternum, they are not interchangeable and are used to describe different parts of the chest and thorax.


There are no direct antonyms for “esternón” or “sternum” in Spanish, as it is a specific bone structure. However, there are terms that can be used to describe the absence or lack of a sternum.

  • “Esternocleidomastoideo” is a muscle that runs from the sternum and clavicle to the mastoid process of the skull. If a person is missing their sternum, this muscle may be more prominent or visible.
  • “Pectus excavatum” is a condition where the sternum is sunken inwards, creating a depression in the chest.

These terms are not antonyms in the traditional sense, but they are used to describe situations where the sternum is not present or not in its normal position.

Mistakes To Avoid When Using The Spanish Word For “Sternum”

When it comes to using the Spanish word for “sternum,” many non-native speakers make common mistakes that can lead to confusion or misunderstandings. Some of the most common errors include:

  • Mispronouncing the word
  • Using the wrong gender
  • Using the wrong article
  • Using the wrong verb form

These mistakes can make it difficult for native Spanish speakers to understand what you’re trying to say, and can also make you appear less proficient in the language.

Highlight These Mistakes And Provide Tips To Avoid Them.

To avoid these common mistakes when using the Spanish word for “sternum,” it’s important to keep a few tips in mind:

  1. Learn the correct pronunciation of the word. The Spanish word for “sternum” is “esternón,” and it’s pronounced “es-ter-nón.”
  2. Remember that “esternón” is a masculine noun, so you should use masculine articles and adjectives when referring to it. For example, “el esternón” (the sternum) and “un esternón” (a sternum).
  3. Use the correct article with “esternón.” In Spanish, the definite article “el” is used with “esternón,” so you should say “el esternón” instead of “la esternón.”
  4. Use the correct verb form when talking about the sternum. For example, “el esternón está conectado a las costillas” (the sternum is connected to the ribs).

By keeping these tips in mind, you can avoid common mistakes when using the Spanish word for “sternum” and communicate more effectively with native Spanish speakers.


In this blog post, we have discussed the proper translation of the word “sternum” into Spanish. We have learned that the correct translation is “esternón.” Additionally, we have reviewed the anatomy of the sternum, its function, and its importance in the human body.

We have also explored the different uses of the word “sternum” in medical terminology and everyday language. We have discovered that the sternum is a crucial part of the chest wall, protecting vital organs such as the heart and lungs.

Encouragement To Practice

Now that we have a better understanding of how to say “sternum” in Spanish, it is time to put this knowledge into practice. By incorporating this new vocabulary into our everyday conversations, we can expand our language skills and communicate more effectively with Spanish speakers.

Whether you are a healthcare professional, a student, or simply someone who loves learning new languages, practicing the use of “esternón” in real-life situations can help improve your fluency and confidence.

So go ahead, challenge yourself to use this new word the next time you speak Spanish. You might be surprised at how much you can learn and achieve by simply expanding your vocabulary.

Shawn Manaher

Shawn Manaher is the founder and CEO of The Content Authority and He’s a seasoned innovator, harnessing the power of technology to connect cultures through language. His worse translation though is when he refers to “pancakes” as “flat waffles”.