How Do You Say “Spinal” In Spanish?

As the world becomes increasingly globalized, learning a new language can be a valuable skill to have. Not only does it allow you to communicate with a wider range of people, but it also opens up new opportunities for travel, work, and personal growth. If you’re interested in learning Spanish, one of the first things you might want to know is how to say “spinal” in Spanish.

According to online translation tools, the Spanish word for “spinal” is “espinal”. This word can refer to anything related to the spine or spinal column, such as the spinal cord or the vertebrae that make up the backbone.

How Do You Pronounce The Spanish Word For “Spinal”?

Learning to properly pronounce a word in a foreign language can be challenging, but it is crucial for effective communication. If you’re wondering how to say “spinal” in Spanish, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the proper phonetic spelling and practice your pronunciation.

Phonetic Breakdown

The Spanish word for “spinal” is “espinal.” Here is a phonetic breakdown of the word:

Letter(s) Pronunciation
E eh
S es
P pe
I ee
N en
A ah
L el

Tips For Pronunciation

Here are some tips to help you properly pronounce “espinal” in Spanish:

  • Pay attention to the emphasis on each syllable. In “espinal,” the emphasis is on the second syllable (e-SPI-nal).
  • Practice rolling your “r” sound, as this is a common sound in Spanish. The “r” in “espinal” should be rolled slightly.
  • Make sure to enunciate each syllable clearly, especially the “i” and “a” sounds.
  • Listen to native Spanish speakers pronounce the word and try to mimic their pronunciation.

With practice and patience, you can master the pronunciation of “espinal” and effectively communicate in Spanish.

Proper Grammatical Use Of The Spanish Word For “Spinal”

When using the Spanish word for “spinal,” it is important to pay attention to proper grammar. Incorrect usage can lead to confusion or miscommunication. Here are some guidelines to follow:

Placement Of Spinal In Sentences

The word for “spinal” in Spanish is “vertebral.” It is an adjective and should be placed directly before the noun it describes. For example:

  • La columna vertebral (The spinal column)
  • Un cordón vertebral (A spinal cord)

Verb Conjugations Or Tenses

When using “vertebral” in a sentence with a verb, it is important to use the correct conjugation or tense. For example:

  • Estoy recibiendo tratamiento para una lesión vertebral. (I am receiving treatment for a spinal injury.)
  • El médico me dijo que tengo una fractura vertebral. (The doctor told me I have a spinal fracture.)

Agreement With Gender And Number

As with all adjectives in Spanish, “vertebral” must agree with the gender and number of the noun it describes. For example:

  • La columna vertebral (Feminine singular)
  • Los huesos vertebrales (Masculine plural)

Common Exceptions

There are some exceptions to the standard rules of adjective placement and agreement. For example, sometimes the adjective is placed after the noun for emphasis or poetic effect:

  • El dolor vertebral intenso (The intense spinal pain)

Additionally, some words have irregular forms when used as adjectives. For example, the word “spine” is “columna vertebral” but when used as an adjective it becomes “espinal”:

  • La cirugía espinal (Spinal surgery)

Examples Of Phrases Using The Spanish Word For “Spinal”

When it comes to discussing medical conditions, it’s important to know the appropriate terminology in the language being spoken. For those learning Spanish, understanding how to say “spinal” is crucial. Here are some common phrases that include the Spanish word for “spinal” and how they are used in sentences:


  • Columna vertebral – Spinal column
  • Lesión de la médula espinal – Spinal cord injury
  • Anestesia espinal – Spinal anesthesia
  • Fractura vertebral – Spinal fracture
  • Estenosis espinal – Spinal stenosis

These phrases can be used in a variety of medical contexts. For example:

  • “El paciente tiene una lesión de la médula espinal” – The patient has a spinal cord injury.
  • “La anestesia espinal es una opción para el parto” – Spinal anesthesia is an option for childbirth.
  • “La columna vertebral es muy importante para la postura” – The spinal column is very important for posture.

Here are some example Spanish dialogues that include the word “spinal” and their translations:

Spanish English Translation
Doctor: ¿Tiene dolor en la columna vertebral? Doctor: Do you have pain in your spinal column?
Paciente: Sí, me duele bastante. Patient: Yes, it hurts a lot.
Doctor: Creo que necesitamos hacer una resonancia magnética para ver si hay una fractura vertebral. Doctor: I think we need to do an MRI to see if there’s a spinal fracture.
Paciente: ¿La anestesia espinal duele? Patient: Does spinal anesthesia hurt?
Enfermera: No se preocupe, le pondremos un anestésico local antes de hacer la anestesia espinal. Nurse: Don’t worry, we’ll give you a local anesthetic before doing the spinal anesthesia.

More Contextual Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Spinal”

When it comes to the Spanish word for “spinal,” there are various contexts in which it can be used. In this section, we will explore the formal and informal usage of the word, as well as its slang, idiomatic expressions, and cultural/historical uses, if applicable. We will also touch upon any popular cultural usage of the word.

Formal Usage Of Spinal

In formal settings, the Spanish word for “spinal” is often used in medical terminology. It refers to the spinal column or the vertebral column, which is the series of bones that runs down the back of the body and protects the spinal cord. The word used for “spinal” in this context is “espinal” (pronounced es-pee-nal).

For example:

  • El paciente sufrió una lesión en la médula espinal. (The patient suffered a spinal cord injury.)
  • La columna vertebral está compuesta por 33 vértebras. (The vertebral column is made up of 33 vertebrae.)

Informal Usage Of Spinal

In informal settings, the Spanish word for “spinal” is not commonly used. Instead, people tend to use more colloquial or slang terms to refer to the back or spine.

For example:

  • Me duele la espalda. (My back hurts.)
  • Tengo un nudo en la espalda. (I have a knot in my back.)

Other Contexts

Aside from medical and informal usage, the Spanish word for “spinal” can also be used in slang, idiomatic expressions, and cultural/historical contexts. For instance, there are several idiomatic expressions in Spanish that use the word “espina” (spine) to convey a sense of discomfort, annoyance, or bitterness.

For example:

  • Tener una espina clavada en el corazón. (To have a thorn stuck in one’s heart. This expression is used to describe a feeling of resentment or bitterness towards someone.)
  • Quitarse una espina de encima. (To remove a thorn from one’s side. This expression is used to describe a feeling of relief after resolving a problem or issue.)

In terms of cultural or historical references, there may be instances where the Spanish word for “spinal” is used to describe a particular event or concept. For example, the “Espina de Castilla” (Castilian Spine) is a historical route in Spain that runs through the central region of Castile.

Popular Cultural Usage

As for popular cultural usage of the Spanish word for “spinal,” there may not be a specific example that comes to mind. However, the word may be used in various forms of media such as books, movies, or TV shows, particularly in medical or action-oriented contexts.

Regional Variations Of The Spanish Word For “Spinal”

As with many languages, Spanish has regional variations in vocabulary and pronunciation. This is true for the word “spinal” as well, which can have different translations and pronunciations depending on the Spanish-speaking country.

Translation Variations

In some countries, the word for “spinal” is simply “espinal” or “columna vertebral,” which directly translates to “vertebral column.” However, in other countries, the word “spinal” has different translations.

For example, in Mexico, the word for “spinal” is “espina dorsal,” which translates to “dorsal spine.” In Argentina, the word for “spinal” is “medular,” which translates to “medullary.” These variations can be confusing for Spanish learners, especially when trying to communicate across different countries.

Regional Pronunciations

In addition to variations in translation, there are also differences in pronunciation across Spanish-speaking countries. For example, in Spain, the “s” sound in “espinal” is pronounced with a lisp, while in Latin America, the “s” is pronounced as it is in English.

Furthermore, some countries may emphasize different syllables in the word “spinal.” In Mexico, for example, the emphasis is on the second syllable, while in Argentina, the emphasis is on the first syllable.


Overall, it’s important for Spanish learners to be aware of regional variations in vocabulary and pronunciation. This is particularly true for words like “spinal,” which can have different translations and pronunciations across different Spanish-speaking countries. By understanding these variations, learners can better communicate with Spanish speakers from different regions.

Other Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Spinal” In Speaking & Writing

While “spinal” in English refers specifically to the spinal column, the Spanish word “espinal” can have multiple meanings depending on the context in which it is used. It’s important to understand these different uses in order to communicate effectively in Spanish.

Medical Use

Just like in English, “espinal” can refer to anything related to the spinal column or spinal cord in a medical context. For example:

  • “Lesión espinal” – spinal injury
  • “Cirugía espinal” – spinal surgery
  • “Columna espinal” – spinal column

When used in a medical context, “espinal” is typically straightforward and easy to understand.

Botanical Use

In a botanical context, “espinal” refers to a type of vegetation that is often found in dry or arid regions. This type of vegetation is characterized by thorny shrubs and small trees. Some examples of plants that might be referred to as “espinal” include:

Plant Name English Translation
Acacia caven Caven
Prosopis juliflora Mesquite
Condalia buxifolia Bluewood condalia

If you’re discussing plants or vegetation in Spanish, it’s important to understand this botanical use of “espinal.”

Geographical Use

Finally, “espinal” can also refer to a geographical location in some Spanish-speaking countries. In these cases, it typically refers to an area with a high concentration of the thorny shrubs and small trees described above. For example:

  • “El Espinal” – a town in Colombia
  • “La Sierra del Espinal” – a mountain range in Mexico

If you’re discussing geography or locations in Spanish, it’s important to understand this use of “espinal” as well.

Common Words And Phrases Similar To The Spanish Word For “Spinal”

Synonyms And Related Terms

When it comes to describing the spinal column in Spanish, there are a few common words and phrases that can be used interchangeably with “espinal.” These include:

  • Vértebras – This is the word for “vertebrae,” which are the individual bones that make up the spinal column.
  • Columna vertebral – This is the more formal way to refer to the spinal column, and is often used in medical contexts.
  • Columna espinal – This is another way to say “spinal column” that is commonly used in Latin America.

While these terms all refer to the same part of the body, they may be used differently depending on the context. For example, “vértebras” is a more specific term that refers to the individual bones, while “columna vertebral” and “columna espinal” both refer to the entire structure.


While there aren’t really any true antonyms for “espinal,” there are some related terms that could be considered opposites in certain contexts. For example:

  • Muscular – This term refers to the muscles that surround and support the spinal column, and could be considered an opposite in the sense that it is a different type of tissue.
  • Cerebral – This term refers to the brain, which is connected to the spinal cord and controls many of the body’s functions. While not exactly an opposite, it is a related term that could be contrasted with “espinal” in certain contexts.

Overall, while there are some related terms that could be considered antonyms in certain contexts, “espinal” is a fairly specific term that doesn’t have a true opposite.

Mistakes To Avoid When Using The Spanish Word For “Spinal”

When it comes to speaking a foreign language, making mistakes is a common occurrence. However, some errors can be more embarrassing than others, especially when it comes to medical terms. One such word is “spinal,” which is often used to describe the backbone or vertebral column. In Spanish, this word can be a bit tricky to master, and many non-native speakers make mistakes when using it. In this section, we will introduce some of the most common errors made by non-native speakers and provide tips to avoid them.

Common Mistakes

Here are some of the most common mistakes made when using the Spanish word for “spinal”:

  • Using the word “espinosa” instead of “espinal”: “Espinosa” is a Spanish word that means “thorny” or “prickly.” Some non-native speakers might confuse this word with “espinal,” which is the correct term for “spinal.” This mistake can be embarrassing, especially when discussing medical issues.
  • Using the feminine form of the word: In Spanish, “espinal” is a masculine noun, which means that it should be used with masculine articles and adjectives. Some non-native speakers might use the feminine form of the word, which is “espinala.” This mistake can be easily avoided by learning the gender of the word.
  • Using the wrong article: In Spanish, the definite article “el” is used before masculine nouns, while “la” is used before feminine nouns. Some non-native speakers might use the wrong article when referring to the spinal column. For example, they might say “la espinal” instead of “el espinal.”

Tips To Avoid Mistakes

Here are some tips to avoid making mistakes when using the Spanish word for “spinal”:

  1. Practice pronunciation: One of the most important things when learning a new language is to practice pronunciation. Make sure you are saying the word correctly by listening to native speakers and practicing on your own.
  2. Learn the gender of the word: As mentioned earlier, “espinal” is a masculine noun. Learning the gender of words can help you avoid using the wrong article or adjective.
  3. Use a dictionary: If you are unsure about the meaning or spelling of a word, use a dictionary. This can help you avoid using the wrong word or making a spelling mistake.


In this blog post, we’ve discussed the various translations of the word “spinal” in Spanish. We’ve learned that the most common translation is “espinal”, but there are other variations such as “raquídeo” and “vertebral”. We’ve also discussed the importance of understanding these translations for medical professionals or individuals with spinal conditions.

Furthermore, we’ve explored some of the nuances and contexts in which these translations may be used. For example, “espinal” is more commonly used in everyday conversation, while “raquídeo” is more formal and often used in medical settings.

Encouragement To Practice And Use Spinal In Real-life Conversations

Learning a new language can be challenging, but it’s important to practice and use the language in real-life conversations to truly master it. Whether you’re a medical professional working with Spanish-speaking patients or simply interested in expanding your language skills, incorporating the word “spinal” into your vocabulary is a great way to start.

By using the translations we’ve discussed in this blog post, you can confidently communicate about spinal conditions and related topics in Spanish. So don’t be afraid to practice and use these translations in your everyday conversations!

Shawn Manaher

Shawn Manaher is the founder and CEO of The Content Authority and He’s a seasoned innovator, harnessing the power of technology to connect cultures through language. His worse translation though is when he refers to “pancakes” as “flat waffles”.