How Do You Say “Prima” In Spanish?

Are you interested in learning Spanish? It’s a beautiful language that is spoken by millions of people worldwide. One of the most exciting parts of learning a new language is discovering new words and phrases. Today, we’ll be discussing how to say “prima” in Spanish.

The Spanish translation of “prima” is “cousin (female)”.

How Do You Pronounce The Spanish Word For “Prima”?

Learning to properly pronounce a foreign language can be challenging, but it is an important step in mastering the language. If you are wondering how to say “prima” in Spanish, you have come to the right place. Let’s break down the pronunciation of this word so you can say it with confidence.

Phonetic Breakdown Of “Prima”

The Spanish word for “cousin” is spelled “prima” and is pronounced as follows:

Letter(s) Pronunciation
p p
r r
i ee
m m
a ah

Put all these sounds together, and you get “pree-mah.”

Tips For Pronunciation

Here are some tips to help you pronounce “prima” correctly:

  • Remember to roll your “r” sound. This is a key component of Spanish pronunciation.
  • Make sure to emphasize the “ee” sound in the middle of the word.
  • Practice saying the word slowly at first, then gradually speed up as you get more comfortable with the pronunciation.

With these tips in mind, you should be able to confidently say “prima” in Spanish. Keep practicing, and soon you’ll be speaking Spanish like a pro!

Proper Grammatical Use Of The Spanish Word For “Prima”

Proper grammar is essential when using the Spanish word for “prima” to ensure that you are conveying the correct meaning. Here are some important points to keep in mind when using this word:

Placement Of Prima In Sentences

In Spanish, the word “prima” is typically used as a noun and is placed before the noun it modifies. For example:

  • Mi prima es muy inteligente. (My cousin is very intelligent.)
  • La prima de mi amigo vive en España. (My friend’s cousin lives in Spain.)

It is also important to note that “prima” can be used as an adjective in some cases, such as “prima hermana” (first cousin) or “prima lejana” (distant cousin).

Verb Conjugations Or Tenses

When using “prima” in a sentence with a verb, it is important to use the correct verb conjugation or tense to match the subject and convey the appropriate meaning. For example:

  • Mi prima está estudiando para ser médico. (My cousin is studying to be a doctor.)
  • Siempre me divierto cuando voy de vacaciones con mi prima. (I always have fun when I go on vacation with my cousin.)

Agreement With Gender And Number

Like most Spanish nouns, “prima” is gendered and changes form depending on whether it is referring to a male or female cousin. It also changes form to match the number of cousins being referred to. For example:

  • Mi prima (female cousin)
  • Mi primo (male cousin)
  • Mis primas (female cousins)
  • Mis primos (male cousins)

Common Exceptions

While the rules for using “prima” in Spanish are generally straightforward, there are a few common exceptions to keep in mind. For example:

  • In some Spanish-speaking countries, “prima” can be used as a term of endearment for a close female friend, rather than a cousin.
  • In some contexts, “prima” can be used to mean “first” or “primary” rather than “cousin.” For example, “prima ballerina” means “principal ballerina.”

Examples Of Phrases Using The Spanish Word For “Prima”

Prima is a Spanish word that roughly translates to “cousin” in English. It is a commonly used term in Spanish-speaking countries and often used in conversations among family members. Here are some common phrases that include prima:

Examples And Usage

  • “Mi prima es mi mejor amiga.” (My cousin is my best friend.)
  • “¿Has visto a mi prima hoy?” (Have you seen my cousin today?)
  • “Voy a visitar a mi prima en su casa.” (I am going to visit my cousin at her house.)
  • “Mis primas y yo vamos a salir a cenar esta noche.” (My cousins and I are going out to dinner tonight.)

As you can see from the examples above, prima is used to refer to a female cousin. It is important to note that in Spanish, the word for male cousin is “primo.”

Example Spanish Dialogue

Here is an example conversation between two cousins using the Spanish word for prima:

María: Hola prima, ¿cómo estás? (Hi cousin, how are you?)

Sofía: Hola María, estoy bien ¿y tú? (Hi María, I’m good, and you?)

María: Estoy bien también. ¿Quieres ir al cine conmigo hoy? (I’m good too. Do you want to go to the movies with me today?)

Sofía: Sí, me encantaría ir contigo. ¿A qué hora quieres ir? (Yes, I would love to go with you. What time do you want to go?)

María: ¿Qué tal si nos encontramos a las 7 de la tarde? (How about we meet at 7 pm?)

Sofía: Perfecto, nos vemos a las 7 entonces. (Perfect, see you at 7 then.)


María: Hi cousin, how are you?

Sofía: Hi María, I’m good, and you?

María: I’m good too. Do you want to go to the movies with me today?

Sofía: Yes, I would love to go with you. What time do you want to go?

María: How about we meet at 7 pm?

Sofía: Perfect, see you at 7 then.

More Contextual Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Prima”

Understanding the various contexts in which the Spanish word for “prima” is used can help you communicate more effectively with Spanish speakers. Here, we’ll take a closer look at the formal and informal usage of the word, as well as some other contexts that may be useful to know.

Formal Usage Of Prima

In formal settings, “prima” is often used to refer to a female cousin. For example, if you were introducing your cousin to someone else, you might say “Esta es mi prima” (This is my cousin). It’s worth noting that in some Spanish-speaking countries, “prima” is used to refer to both male and female cousins, while in others, a different word is used for male cousins.

Another formal usage of “prima” is in the context of music. In classical music, “prima” is used to refer to the first or lead part of a duet or ensemble piece.

Informal Usage Of Prima

Informally, “prima” can be used in a variety of contexts. For example, it’s often used affectionately to refer to a close female friend, particularly in Latin America. It can also be used as a term of endearment for a girlfriend or romantic partner.

Additionally, “prima” can be used in a more general sense to mean “cool” or “awesome.” For example, if someone shows you a new pair of shoes they just bought, you might say “¡Qué prima!” (How cool!)

Other Contexts

There are a few other contexts in which you might hear “prima” used. For example, in some regions of Spain, “prima” is used to refer to a type of small, spicy sausage. In Mexico, “prima” is sometimes used as slang for a police officer.

There are also a number of idiomatic expressions that use the word “prima.” For example, “dar la prima” means to give someone a chance or opportunity, while “ponerse en la prima” means to be in a good mood or to feel happy.

Popular Cultural Usage

Finally, it’s worth noting that “prima” is sometimes used in popular culture. For example, there is a popular Mexican telenovela called “La Prima” that tells the story of two cousins who fall in love. Additionally, the word “prima” appears in a number of Spanish-language songs, including “Prima Donna” by Christina Aguilera and “Prima O Poi” by Ligabue.

Regional Variations Of The Spanish Word For “Prima”

Just like any other language, Spanish has its own regional variations and dialects. The word for “prima” is no exception. Depending on the country or region, it may be pronounced differently or even have a completely different word altogether.

Usage Of “Prima” In Different Spanish-speaking Countries

In Spain, “prima” is commonly used to refer to a female cousin. However, in Latin American countries, it can also mean female friend or even girlfriend. In some regions, “prima” can even be used as a term of endearment towards a woman.

In Argentina, “prima” is used to refer to a female cousin, but it can also be used to address a female friend in a casual and friendly manner. In Mexico, “prima” can mean cousin, but it can also be used as a term of endearment towards a female friend or girlfriend.

In some South American countries, such as Colombia and Venezuela, “prima” is used to refer to a female cousin, but it can also be used as a term of endearment towards a female friend or girlfriend. In these countries, it is not uncommon to hear people saying “mi prima” to refer to a close female friend.

Regional Pronunciations

Just like with any other word in Spanish, the pronunciation of “prima” can vary depending on the region. In Spain, it is pronounced with a soft “r” sound, while in Latin America, it is pronounced with a strong “r” sound. In some regions of Latin America, such as Mexico and some parts of Central America, the “i” in “prima” is pronounced with a long “e” sound, making it sound like “prema”.

Overall, the regional variations of the Spanish word for “prima” add to the richness and diversity of the Spanish language.

Other Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Prima” In Speaking & Writing

Although “prima” is commonly used to refer to a female cousin in Spanish, it can also have other meanings depending on the context. In order to distinguish between these uses, it’s important to understand the specific context of the conversation or written text.

Other Meanings Of “Prima”

Here are some of the other meanings of “prima” in Spanish:

  • First: “Prima” can be used as an adjective to mean “first” or “prime.” For example, “El primer día de la semana es el lunes” (The first day of the week is Monday).
  • Insurance: In the context of insurance, “prima” refers to the premium that is paid for coverage. For example, “La prima de mi seguro de auto es muy alta” (The premium for my car insurance is very high).
  • Interest: “Prima” can also refer to a premium or bonus that is paid on top of interest. For example, “La tasa de interés incluye una prima del 2%” (The interest rate includes a premium of 2%).
  • Good: In some Latin American countries, “prima” is used as slang to mean “good” or “cool.” For example, “Esa canción es prima” (That song is cool).

As you can see, “prima” can have a variety of meanings depending on the context. To understand which meaning is intended, it’s important to pay attention to the words and phrases that surround it.

Common Words And Phrases Similar To The Spanish Word For “Prima”

Synonyms And Related Terms

When it comes to finding words similar to the Spanish word “prima,” there are a few options. One of the most common synonyms is “primo,” which means “cousin.” This word is often used in the same way as “prima,” to refer to a female cousin. Another similar term is “pariente,” which means “relative” in a more general sense.

Additionally, there are a few phrases that can be used to refer to a female cousin in Spanish. One of these is “mi prima hermana,” which translates to “my first cousin” or “my female first cousin.” Another option is “mi prima carnal,” which means “my blood cousin.”

Differences And Similarities

While these terms are all related to “prima” and can refer to a female cousin, there are some subtle differences in how they are used. For example, “primo” is the male equivalent of “prima,” so it is not used to refer to female cousins.

“Pariente,” on the other hand, can refer to any relative and is not specific to cousins. Similarly, the phrases “mi prima hermana” and “mi prima carnal” are both specific to first cousins, whereas “prima” can refer to any female cousin.


While there are no direct antonyms for “prima,” there are a few words that could be considered opposite in meaning. One of these is “extranjera,” which means “foreigner” or “outsider.” This word would be used to refer to someone who is not a family member.

Another possible antonym is “enemiga,” which means “enemy.” While this word is not directly opposite in meaning to “prima,” it could be used to refer to someone who is not on good terms with their cousin.

Mistakes To Avoid When Using The Spanish Word For “Prima”

When it comes to using the Spanish word for “cousin,” many non-native speakers make common mistakes that can easily be avoided. In this article, we will highlight these mistakes and provide tips to help you use the Spanish word for “prima” correctly.

Common Mistakes

Here are some of the most common mistakes made by non-native speakers when using the Spanish word for “prima”:

  • Using “primo” instead of “prima” when referring to a female cousin
  • Using “prima” instead of “sobrina” when referring to a niece
  • Using “prima” instead of “tía” when referring to an aunt

Tips To Avoid These Mistakes

To avoid these mistakes, keep the following tips in mind:

  1. Remember that “primo” is the masculine form of “cousin” in Spanish, while “prima” is the feminine form. Always use the correct form based on the gender of your cousin.
  2. If you are referring to a niece, use the word “sobrina” instead of “prima.” This will ensure that you are using the correct term for this family relationship.
  3. If you are referring to an aunt, use the word “tía” instead of “prima.” While “prima” can be used to refer to a female cousin, it is not the correct term for an aunt.



In this blog post, we have explored the meaning and usage of the Spanish word ‘prima’. We learned that ‘prima’ is a feminine noun that means ‘cousin’ in English. We also discussed the different contexts in which ‘prima’ can be used, such as in formal and informal settings, and how it can be modified to reflect gender and number.

Furthermore, we delved into some common phrases that use ‘prima’, such as ‘prima hermana’, which means ‘first cousin’, and ‘prima política’, which refers to a cousin by marriage. We also touched on some related vocabulary, such as ‘primo’ (male cousin) and ‘sobrina’ (niece).

Encouragement To Practice And Use Prima In Real-life Conversations

Learning a new language can be challenging, but with consistent practice, it becomes easier over time. We encourage you to use the Spanish word ‘prima’ in your everyday conversations with Spanish-speaking friends and family members. By using the language in context, you will gain a deeper understanding of its nuances and become more comfortable with its usage.

Remember, language learning is a journey, not a destination. Don’t be afraid to make mistakes and keep practicing. With dedication and persistence, you will soon be speaking Spanish with confidence and ease. ¡Buena suerte! (Good luck!)

Shawn Manaher

Shawn Manaher is the founder and CEO of The Content Authority and He’s a seasoned innovator, harnessing the power of technology to connect cultures through language. His worse translation though is when he refers to “pancakes” as “flat waffles”.