How Do You Say “Perish” In Spanish?

Spanish is a beautiful language that is spoken by millions of people around the world. Whether you are learning Spanish for business, travel, or personal reasons, expanding your language skills can be a rewarding experience. One important aspect of learning a new language is understanding the vocabulary. In this article, we will explore how to say “perish” in Spanish.

The Spanish translation of “perish” is “perecer”. This word can be used to describe something that is dying or coming to an end. It can also be used to describe a person who has passed away.

How Do You Pronounce The Spanish Word For “Perish”?

Learning how to properly pronounce a word in a foreign language can be a challenge, especially when it comes to words with complex sounds or unfamiliar phonetic patterns. If you’re wondering how to say “perish” in Spanish, it’s important to take the time to learn the correct pronunciation, as mispronouncing words can lead to misunderstandings and confusion.

Phonetic Breakdown

The Spanish word for “perish” is “perecer.” Phonetically, it is pronounced as “peh-reh-th-er,” with emphasis on the second syllable.

To break it down further, here is a breakdown of each individual sound:

Sound Phonetic Symbol
p p
e ɛ
r r
e ɛ
c θ
e ɛ
r r

Tips For Pronunciation

Here are some tips to help you pronounce “perecer” correctly:

  • Practice each sound individually before putting them together. This will help you master the pronunciation of each sound before moving on to the full word.
  • Pay attention to the emphasis on the second syllable. This is important for getting the correct stress pattern of the word.
  • Listen to native Spanish speakers pronounce the word. This will help you get a feel for the correct pronunciation and intonation.
  • Practice, practice, practice! The more you practice pronouncing the word, the more confident you will become.

Proper Grammatical Use Of The Spanish Word For “Perish”

When using the Spanish word for “perish,” it is important to pay attention to proper grammar in order to effectively communicate your intended meaning. Here are some key considerations:

Placement Of “Perish” In Sentences

The Spanish word for “perish” is “perecer.” In a sentence, it can be used as a verb or an adjective. As a verb, it typically appears after the subject and before the object:

  • El árbol pereció en el incendio. (The tree perished in the fire.)
  • Los animales están pereciendo debido a la falta de agua. (The animals are perishing due to the lack of water.)

As an adjective, “perecido” follows the noun it describes:

  • Los cuerpos perecidos fueron encontrados en el río. (The perished bodies were found in the river.)

Verb Conjugations Or Tenses

The verb “perecer” is a regular -er verb, meaning it follows the same conjugation pattern as other -er verbs. Here are the present tense conjugations:

Subject Pronoun Conjugation
yo perezco
él/ella/usted perece
nosotros/nosotras perecemos
vosotros/vosotras perecéis
ellos/ellas/ustedes perecen

It is important to use the correct conjugation based on the subject of the sentence. For example:

  • Yo no quiero perecer en un accidente de avión. (I don’t want to perish in a plane crash.)
  • Ellos perecieron en el naufragio. (They perished in the shipwreck.)

Agreement With Gender And Number

As with most Spanish nouns and adjectives, “perecer” and “perecido” must agree with the gender and number of the noun they describe. For example:

  • La flor perecida está marchita. (The perished flower is wilted.)
  • Los edificios perecidos fueron demolidos. (The perished buildings were demolished.)

Common Exceptions

One common exception to note is that “perecer” is often used in the passive voice, with the subject receiving the action rather than performing it. In these cases, the verb is conjugated with “ser” and the past participle:

  • El libro fue pereciendo con el tiempo. (The book was perishing over time.)
  • Los recuerdos se fueron pereciendo en mi mente. (The memories were perishing in my mind.)

Examples Of Phrases Using The Spanish Word For “Perish”

Perish, when translated to Spanish, means “perecer.” This word can be used in various phrases and contexts. Here are some examples:

Common Phrases With “Perecer”

  • “Perecer en el intento” – meaning “to perish in the attempt”
  • “Perecer de amor” – meaning “to die of love”
  • “Perecer en la batalla” – meaning “to perish in the battle”
  • “Perecer de hambre” – meaning “to perish of hunger”
  • “Perecer en el olvido” – meaning “to perish in oblivion”

These phrases are commonly used in Spanish language and literature. They are used to express different situations where perishing is the main idea. For instance, “perecer en el intento” is used when someone fails after trying to do something; “perecer de amor” is used in romantic poems to describe the tragic death of a lover; “perecer en la batalla” is used to describe the death of a soldier in a battle, and so on.

Examples Of “Perecer” In Sentences

Here are some examples of how “perecer” can be used in sentences:

  • “Si no cambiamos nuestras acciones, pereceremos como sociedad” – meaning “If we don’t change our actions, we will perish as a society.”
  • “El barco se hundió y muchos pasajeros perecieron en el mar” – meaning “The ship sank and many passengers perished in the sea.”
  • “El guerrero pereció en la batalla, pero su leyenda vivirá por siempre” – meaning “The warrior perished in the battle, but his legend will live forever.”

These examples show how “perecer” can be used in different contexts. It can be used to describe the perishing of a society, a group of people, or an individual. It can also be used to describe the perishing of something intangible, like a legend or a reputation.

Example Spanish Dialogue Using “Perecer”

Here is an example of a conversation in Spanish using “perecer”:

Person 1: ¿Has leído el poema de Garcilaso sobre el amor? Translation: Have you read Garcilaso’s poem about love?
Person 2: Sí, es muy triste. La protagonista perece de amor. Translation: Yes, it’s very sad. The protagonist perishes of love.

This dialogue shows how “perecer” can be used to describe a tragic event in literature. It also shows how the word can be used in a conversation between two Spanish speakers.

More Contextual Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Perish”

Understanding the contextual uses of the Spanish word for “perish” is essential for effective communication. The word “perish” can be used formally or informally, and in different contexts such as slang, idiomatic expressions, or cultural/historical uses. In this section, we will discuss the varying contexts of the Spanish word for “perish”.

Formal Usage Of Perish

In formal settings, the Spanish word for “perish” is often used in legal or religious contexts. For example, in legal documents, the word “perish” is used to refer to the termination of a contract or agreement. Similarly, in religious texts, the word “perish” is used to refer to the concept of eternal damnation or spiritual death.

Informal Usage Of Perish

Informally, the Spanish word for “perish” is often used in everyday conversation to refer to the end of something. For example, when referring to the end of a relationship, one might say “nuestra relación ha perecido” (our relationship has perished). Similarly, the word “perish” can be used to refer to the end of a business or project.

Other Contexts

In addition to formal and informal usage, the Spanish word for “perish” can also be used in slang and idiomatic expressions. For example, the phrase “ir a perecer” (to go to perish) is a slang expression that means to die or to be in danger. Similarly, the phrase “perderse en la nada” (to perish in nothingness) is an idiomatic expression that means to disappear without a trace.

Furthermore, the Spanish word for “perish” has cultural and historical uses. For example, in Mexican culture, the Day of the Dead (Día de los Muertos) is a holiday that celebrates the lives of loved ones who have perished. Similarly, in Spanish history, the Inquisition was a period of time when many people perished due to religious persecution.

Popular Cultural Usage

One popular cultural usage of the Spanish word for “perish” is in the song “La Bamba”. The lyrics of the song include the phrase “para bailar la bamba, se necesita una poca de gracia, una poca de gracia para mi para ti, y arriba y arriba, y arriba y arriba, por ti seré, por ti seré, por ti seré” which translates to “to dance the bamba, you need a little grace, a little grace for me, for you, and up and up, and up and up, for you I will be, for you I will be, for you I will be”. The phrase “por ti seré” (for you I will be) is often interpreted to mean that the singer is willing to do anything, even perish, for the one they love.

Regional Variations Of The Spanish Word For “Perish”

Just like any other language, Spanish too has its regional variations. The Spanish language is spoken in over 20 countries, each with its unique dialect and accent. This means that the same word may be pronounced differently or have different meanings depending on the region. This is true for the Spanish word for “perish” as well.

Usage Of The Spanish Word For Perish In Different Spanish-speaking Countries

The Spanish word for “perish” is “perecer.” However, in some Spanish-speaking countries, this word is not commonly used. Instead, there are other words that are used to convey the same meaning. For example, in Mexico, the word “morir” is commonly used to mean “to perish.” In Peru, the word “fallecer” is used instead of “perecer.”

It is important to note that while these words may have similar meanings, they may also have different connotations. For example, “morir” is a more common and general term used to describe the act of dying, while “perecer” is used to describe a more tragic or sudden death.

Regional Pronunciations Of “Perecer”

Even within countries that use the word “perecer,” there may be differences in pronunciation. For example, in Spain, the “c” in “perecer” is pronounced as a “th” sound, while in Latin America, it is pronounced as a “s” sound. Additionally, in some regions, the emphasis may be placed on different syllables.

Here is a table that summarizes some of the regional variations in the pronunciation of “perecer”:

Region Pronunciation
Spain pe-RE-thair
Mexico pe-RE-ser
Argentina pe-re-SER
Peru pe-re-SER

It is important to keep in mind these regional variations when communicating in Spanish, especially if you are speaking with someone from a different Spanish-speaking country. Understanding these nuances can help you avoid misunderstandings and communicate more effectively.

Other Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Perish” In Speaking & Writing

While the word “perish” is commonly used to refer to death or destruction, it can also have other meanings depending on the context in which it is used. In Spanish, the word “perish” translates to “perecer,” which can also have different connotations. Here are some other uses of the Spanish word for “perish” in speaking and writing:

1. To Disappear Or Cease To Exist

In some cases, “perecer” can be used to describe something that has disappeared or ceased to exist. For example, you might say “La ciudad pereció después del terremoto” to describe a city that was destroyed by an earthquake and no longer exists. In this context, “perecer” is used to describe the disappearance or extinction of something.

2. To Fail Or Be Unsuccessful

Another way that “perecer” can be used is to describe failure or lack of success. For instance, you might say “El negocio pereció por falta de clientes” to describe a business that failed due to lack of customers. In this context, “perecer” is used to describe the failure or demise of something.

3. To Suffer Or Endure

Lastly, “perecer” can also be used to describe suffering or enduring something. For example, you might say “El soldado pereció en la guerra” to describe a soldier who died while fighting in a war. In this context, “perecer” is used to describe the suffering or endurance of something.

It’s important to note that the different uses of “perecer” are distinguished by the context in which they are used. To determine the meaning of “perecer” in a particular sentence, it’s essential to consider the surrounding words and phrases. Additionally, the use of prepositions and other grammatical structures can also help to clarify the intended meaning of the word.

Common Words And Phrases Similar To The Spanish Word For “Perish”

When trying to find the Spanish translation of the word “perish”, it’s important to consider that there are several similar words and phrases that are commonly used. Here are some of the most frequently used synonyms and related terms:

1. Morir

The word “morir” is a commonly used synonym for “perish” in Spanish. Like “perish”, it is often used to describe the concept of dying or passing away. However, “morir” is a more general term that can be used to describe both natural and unnatural causes of death.

2. Fallecer

Another synonym for “perish” in Spanish is “fallecer”. This word is often used to describe the death of a person who has been ill or suffering for a long time. It can also be used in a more general sense to describe the death of any living thing, including plants and animals.

3. Desaparecer

The word “desaparecer” is a related term that is often used in Spanish to describe the concept of “disappearing” or “vanishing”. While it is not a direct synonym for “perish”, it is often used in a similar context to describe the end of something’s existence.

4. Antonyms

Antonyms of “perish” in Spanish include “vivir” (to live), “sobrevivir” (to survive), and “durar” (to last or endure). These words are used to describe the opposite of “perishing” or dying, and are often used in a positive or hopeful context.

Mistakes To Avoid When Using The Spanish Word For “Perish”

As with any language, non-native speakers of Spanish can make mistakes when using certain words. The word “perish” in Spanish is no exception. One of the most common mistakes made by non-native speakers is using the word “perder” instead of “perecer.” While “perder” does mean “to lose,” it does not carry the same meaning as “perish.” Another mistake is using “morir” instead of “perecer.” While “morir” does mean “to die,” it does not convey the same sense of sudden or violent death that “perish” does.


In conclusion, we have explored the various ways to say “perish” in Spanish. We have learned that there are multiple words that can be used to convey the same meaning, depending on the context and the degree of formality required. Some of the most common translations of “perish” in Spanish are “perecer”, “morir”, and “desaparecer”. Each of these words has its own nuances and connotations, and it is important to choose the right one for the situation.

We have also discussed the importance of practicing and using these words in real-life conversations. By incorporating them into our vocabulary, we can enhance our communication skills and better express ourselves in Spanish. Whether we are speaking with native speakers or fellow language learners, being able to use the word “perish” correctly and confidently can make a big difference in our interactions.

So, let us continue to expand our knowledge of Spanish vocabulary and keep practicing our language skills. With dedication and perseverance, we can become fluent and confident speakers of Spanish, and use words like “perish” with ease.

Shawn Manaher

Shawn Manaher is the founder and CEO of The Content Authority and He’s a seasoned innovator, harnessing the power of technology to connect cultures through language. His worse translation though is when he refers to “pancakes” as “flat waffles”.