How Do You Say “Openwork” In Spanish?

Spanish is a beautiful language that is spoken by millions of people around the world. It is a language that is rich in culture and history. Learning Spanish can be a rewarding experience, and it opens up a whole new world of opportunities. Whether you are planning a trip to a Spanish-speaking country, or you simply want to expand your language skills, learning Spanish is a valuable investment. In this article, we will explore the Spanish translation of “openwork”, a term that is commonly used in the world of fashion and design.

The Spanish translation of “openwork” is “calado”. This term refers to a type of fabric that has holes or spaces in it, usually in a decorative pattern. Openwork fabric is often used in clothing and accessories, such as dresses, skirts, and scarves. It can also be used in home decor, such as curtains, tablecloths, and bedspreads. Openwork fabric is a popular choice for warm weather clothing, as it allows air to circulate and keeps the wearer cool.

How Do You Pronounce The Spanish Word For “Openwork”?

Learning to properly pronounce a foreign word can be challenging, but with the right tools and guidance, it can be accomplished. The Spanish word for “openwork” is “calado” (kah-lah-doh). Let’s break it down phonetically.

Phonetic Breakdown

  • “C” is pronounced like “k”
  • “A” is pronounced like “ah”
  • “L” is pronounced like “l”
  • “A” is pronounced like “ah”
  • “D” is pronounced like “d”
  • “O” is pronounced like “oh”

Tips For Pronunciation

To properly pronounce “calado,” follow these tips:

  1. Start by saying the first syllable “kah” with a strong emphasis on the “ah” sound.
  2. Move on to the second syllable “lah” and pronounce it with a soft “l” sound.
  3. Finally, say the last syllable “doh” with a strong emphasis on the “oh” sound.
  4. Practice saying the word slowly and then gradually speed up until you can say it fluently.

Remember, proper pronunciation takes time and practice. Don’t be discouraged if it takes a few tries to get it right. With these tips and a little patience, you’ll be saying “calado” like a native Spanish speaker in no time.

Proper Grammatical Use Of The Spanish Word For “Openwork”

Proper grammar is crucial when using the Spanish word for “openwork”, which is “calado”. Understanding the correct placement of the word, verb conjugations or tenses, agreement with gender and number, and common exceptions will ensure accurate communication.

Placement Of Openwork In Sentences

In Spanish, the word “calado” can be used as an adjective or a noun. As an adjective, it typically follows the noun it describes. For example:

  • La blusa tiene un calado hermoso. (The blouse has a beautiful openwork.)
  • El vestido tiene mangas caladas. (The dress has openwork sleeves.)

As a noun, “calado” can be used in various sentence structures. For instance:

  • El calado de la blusa es hermoso. (The openwork of the blouse is beautiful.)
  • La blusa tiene un calado en el cuello. (The blouse has an openwork on the neck.)

Verb Conjugations Or Tenses

The verb “calar” means “to pierce” or “to pass through”, and it is the base of the word “calado”. However, it is not commonly used in everyday language. Instead, “calado” is used as an adjective or a noun without any verb conjugation or tense.

Agreement With Gender And Number

Like most Spanish adjectives, “calado” agrees in gender and number with the noun it describes. If the noun is feminine, “calado” becomes “calada”. If the noun is plural, “calado” becomes “calados” for masculine nouns and “caladas” for feminine nouns. For example:

  • Los calcetines tienen calados en los tobillos. (The socks have openwork on the ankles.)
  • Las blusas tienen caladas en las mangas. (The blouses have openwork on the sleeves.)

Common Exceptions

There are no common exceptions to the grammatical use of “calado”. However, it is worth noting that regional variations may exist in the use of this word, and some Spanish-speaking countries may use different words to describe openwork.

Examples Of Phrases Using The Spanish Word For “Openwork”

Openwork is a term that refers to a type of fabric or material that has holes or spaces created by the removal of threads or other materials. It is a popular style in fashion and design, and as such, it is important to know how to say openwork in Spanish. Here are some common phrases that include openwork and how to use them in sentences:


  • Tela calada
  • Tela perforada
  • Tela con agujeros


La blusa tiene una tela calada muy bonita.

Translation: The blouse has a very beautiful openwork fabric.

Me encanta el vestido con la tela perforada.

Translation: I love the dress with the perforated fabric.

Los zapatos tienen una tela con agujeros muy original.

Translation: The shoes have a very original openwork fabric.

Spanish Dialogue:

Spanish English Translation
¿Te gusta esta blusa? Do you like this blouse?
Sí, me encanta la tela calada. Yes, I love the openwork fabric.
¿Qué piensas de este vestido? What do you think of this dress?
Me gusta la tela perforada, es muy original. I like the perforated fabric, it’s very original.

More Contextual Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Openwork”

In addition to its literal meaning, the Spanish word for “openwork,” “calado,” has a variety of other contextual uses. Depending on the situation, “calado” may be used formally or informally, as slang or in idiomatic expressions. Furthermore, the word may have cultural or historical significance in certain contexts, or be used in popular culture.

Formal Usage Of Openwork

In formal contexts, “calado” is often used to refer to a specific type of fabric or lace with a latticework pattern. This type of openwork is commonly used in traditional Spanish clothing, such as mantillas or shawls. Additionally, “calado” may be used in the context of architecture or design to refer to a structural pattern or ornamentation with holes or perforations.

Informal Usage Of Openwork

Informally, “calado” may be used to refer to any type of fabric or material with a perforated or latticework pattern, regardless of whether it is traditional or modern. This usage is more common in everyday conversation and may not necessarily be tied to any specific cultural or historical context.

Other Contexts

In addition to its literal and informal uses, “calado” may also appear in slang or idiomatic expressions. For example, the phrase “estar calado hasta los huesos” (to be soaked to the bone) uses “calado” to describe a state of extreme wetness. Similarly, the expression “calado de la mano de Dios” (chosen by God) uses the word to convey a sense of divine providence or special favor.

Finally, “calado” may have cultural or historical significance in certain contexts. For example, in some regions of Spain, “calado” is associated with traditional crafts such as embroidery or lace-making, and may be used to refer to the techniques and materials used in these crafts. Similarly, in Latin America, “calado” may be used to describe a type of weaving pattern or technique that is unique to the region.

Popular Cultural Usage

Depending on the cultural context, “calado” may also appear in popular culture, such as music or literature. For example, the Spanish poet Federico García Lorca references “calados” in his poem “La Tarde” as a symbol of the intricate beauty of nature. Similarly, the Mexican singer Chavela Vargas uses the word in her song “La Calaca” to describe the delicate lace of a skeleton’s dress.

Regional Variations Of The Spanish Word For “Openwork”

As with many languages, Spanish has regional variations that can impact the way certain words are used and pronounced. This is certainly true for the word “openwork,” which can vary depending on the Spanish-speaking country in question.

Usage Of “Openwork” In Different Spanish-speaking Countries

In Spain, the word for “openwork” is “calado.” This term is commonly used in Andalusia, a region in southern Spain known for its intricate lacework and embroidery. In other parts of Spain, such as Catalonia, the word “trencadís” is used to describe a type of openwork mosaic often seen in Gaudí’s architecture.

In Latin America, the word for “openwork” can vary depending on the country. In Mexico, “calado” is also used, while in Argentina and Uruguay, “calado” is replaced by “caladura.” In Peru, “calado” is used, but it can also be referred to as “caladito.” In Chile, the word “calado” is not commonly used, and instead, “encaje” or “puntilla” are used to describe openwork lace.

Regional Pronunciations

Just as the usage of the word “openwork” can vary, so too can the pronunciation. In Spain, the “c” in “calado” is pronounced like a “th” sound in English, while in Latin American countries, it is pronounced like a “k” sound. In Chile, the word “puntilla” is pronounced with a strong emphasis on the “ll” sound at the end of the word.

It’s important to keep in mind these regional variations when communicating with Spanish speakers from different parts of the world. While the differences may seem small, they can make a big impact on understanding and being understood.

Other Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Openwork” In Speaking & Writing

While “openwork” is commonly used to describe a type of decorative fabric or lace with open spaces, the Spanish word for “openwork” – “calado” – can have different meanings depending on context. It’s important to understand these different uses in order to effectively communicate in Spanish.

Calado As A Noun

As a noun, “calado” refers to the decorative fabric or lace with open spaces. This is the most common use of the word and is the equivalent of “openwork” in English. For example:

  • Este vestido tiene un calado muy bonito en la falda. (This dress has a very beautiful openwork on the skirt.)

Calado As An Adjective

As an adjective, “calado” can be used to describe something that has small holes or openings. This use is less common than the noun form but still important to understand. For example:

  • El pan tiene una corteza calada. (The bread has a crust with small holes.)

Calado As A Verb

As a verb, “calado” means “to soak” or “to steep.” This use is quite different from the noun and adjective forms and is important to distinguish. For example:

  • Hay que dejar el té calado durante unos minutos. (You have to let the tea steep for a few minutes.)

Overall, understanding the different uses of “calado” in Spanish is crucial for effective communication. Whether you’re talking about decorative lace or soaking tea, being able to distinguish between these uses will help you communicate clearly and accurately.

Common Words And Phrases Similar To The Spanish Word For “Openwork”

Synonyms And Related Terms

There are several words and phrases in Spanish that are similar in meaning to “openwork.” Some of the most common include:

  • Calado
  • Encaje
  • Rejilla
  • Trepanado
  • Transparencia

Each of these terms refers to some form of perforated or lacy material or design. “Calado,” for example, can refer to an openwork pattern in fabric, while “rejilla” is often used to describe a grid-like structure with holes or gaps.

Similarly, “encaje” is the Spanish word for “lace,” which can also be considered a type of openwork. “Trepanado” refers specifically to a design or pattern that has been drilled or bored into a material, while “transparencia” describes a material or design that is see-through or transparent.

While each of these terms has its own nuances and specific uses, they are all related to the concept of openwork in some way.


On the opposite end of the spectrum, there are also several words and phrases in Spanish that are antonyms or opposites of “openwork.” Some of the most common include:

  • Macizo
  • Sólido
  • Denso
  • Cerrado
  • Opaco

These terms all refer to materials or designs that are solid, opaque, or closed off in some way. “Macizo” and “sólido,” for example, both mean “solid” or “dense,” while “cerrado” means “closed” or “shut.”

Similarly, “opaco” refers to a material or design that is not transparent or see-through, while “denso” describes something that is thick or heavy in texture or appearance.

While these terms may seem like the opposite of “openwork,” they are still useful to know in order to fully understand the range of options available when it comes to textiles, patterns, and designs in Spanish.

Mistakes To Avoid When Using The Spanish Word For “Openwork”

When it comes to learning a new language, making mistakes is a natural part of the process. However, there are some common errors that non-native speakers make when using the Spanish word for “openwork.” In this section, we will highlight these mistakes and provide tips to avoid them.

Common Mistakes

One of the most common mistakes made by non-native speakers when using the Spanish word for “openwork” is confusing it with other similar-sounding words. For example, “openwork” is often confused with “opera,” which means “opera” in Spanish. Another common mistake is using the word “abertura,” which means “opening” or “aperture,” instead of “calado,” which is the correct word for “openwork.”

Another mistake that non-native speakers make is using the incorrect gender for the word “calado.” “Calado” is a masculine noun, so it should be used with masculine articles and adjectives. Using the feminine form, “calada,” is incorrect and can lead to confusion.

Tips To Avoid Mistakes

To avoid these common mistakes, it’s important to practice using the correct word and gender in context. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Practice using the word “calado” in different sentences to get a feel for how it is used in context.
  • Use a Spanish-English dictionary to look up the correct word and gender for “openwork.”
  • Listen to native Spanish speakers and pay attention to how they use the word “calado.”
  • Try to avoid using similar-sounding words like “opera” or “abertura” when referring to “openwork.”

There you have it – common mistakes to avoid when using the Spanish word for “openwork.” By practicing and paying attention to the correct usage of “calado,” you can avoid confusion and communicate more effectively in Spanish.


In conclusion, we have explored the meaning and usage of the term “openwork” in the context of Spanish language. We have learned that openwork refers to a decorative technique that involves creating patterns or designs by removing material from a solid surface, such as wood, metal, or fabric. We have also seen how this term can be translated into Spanish, depending on the context and the specific type of openwork.

Moreover, we have discussed some examples of openwork in different fields, including fashion, art, and architecture. We have seen how openwork can add texture, depth, and elegance to various objects and structures, and how it has been used throughout history and across cultures.

Finally, we would like to encourage you to practice and use openwork in real-life conversations, whether you are a language learner, a creative professional, or simply a curious enthusiast. By incorporating openwork-related vocabulary and concepts into your daily interactions, you can expand your linguistic and cultural horizons, and appreciate the beauty and diversity of the Spanish language.

Shawn Manaher

Shawn Manaher is the founder and CEO of The Content Authority and He’s a seasoned innovator, harnessing the power of technology to connect cultures through language. His worse translation though is when he refers to “pancakes” as “flat waffles”.