How Do You Say “Experiment” In French?

Learning a new language is a journey that opens up new doors to understanding different cultures and perspectives. It’s an adventure that requires patience, dedication, and a passion for exploration. Whether you’re interested in French cuisine, literature, or simply want to expand your linguistic horizons, learning French is a rewarding experience.

One essential aspect of learning a new language is building your vocabulary. A crucial word that you’ll want to know is “experiment.” In French, experiment is translated as “expérience.” This word is a fundamental term in science, but it’s also used in everyday conversations.

How Do You Pronounce The French Word For “Experiment”?

Learning to properly pronounce French words can be a daunting task, especially for those who are just starting out. However, with a little practice and some helpful tips, you can master the French language in no time. If you’re wondering how to say “experiment” in French, we’ve got you covered.

Phonetic Breakdown

The French word for “experiment” is “expérience”. Here is the phonetic breakdown of the word:

French IPA
expérience ɛkspeʁjɑ̃s

The phonetic spelling of the word may look intimidating, but with a little practice, you can easily master the pronunciation.

Tips For Pronunciation

Here are some helpful tips for pronouncing “expérience” correctly:

  • Pay attention to the accent on the second “e” in “expérience”. This accent is called an acute accent and it changes the pronunciation of the letter “e”.
  • The “x” in “expérience” is pronounced like a “ks” sound.
  • The “c” in “expérience” is pronounced like an “s” sound.
  • The final “e” in “expérience” is silent.

By following these tips and practicing the pronunciation of “expérience”, you’ll be able to say “experiment” in French like a native speaker in no time.

Proper Grammatical Use Of The French Word For “Experiment”

When using the French word for “experiment,” it is essential to use proper grammar to convey the intended meaning accurately. Improper grammar can lead to misunderstandings and confusion, which defeats the purpose of communication.

Placement Of The French Word For Experiment In Sentences

The French word for “experiment” is “expérience.” In a sentence, “expérience” can be used as a noun or a verb.

As a noun, “expérience” can be placed in various parts of the sentence, depending on the intended meaning. It can be used as the subject, object, or complement of the sentence. For example:

  • Subject: L’expérience a été un succès. (The experiment was a success.)
  • Object: J’ai mené une expérience intéressante. (I conducted an interesting experiment.)
  • Complement: La conclusion de l’expérience était surprenante. (The conclusion of the experiment was surprising.)

As a verb, “expérimenter” can be used in different tenses and moods to express different meanings. For example:

  • Présent de l’indicatif (Present Indicative): J’expérimente une nouvelle méthode. (I am experimenting with a new method.)
  • Impératif (Imperative): Expérimentons ensemble! (Let’s experiment together!)
  • Conditionnel présent (Conditional Present): J’expérimenterais si j’avais les moyens. (I would experiment if I had the means.)

Verb Conjugations Or Tenses

As mentioned, “expérimenter” can be used in various tenses and moods, depending on the intended meaning. The most common tenses are:

  • Présent de l’indicatif (Present Indicative): used to express actions or states that are currently happening or habitual.
  • Passé composé (Present Perfect): used to express actions that were completed in the past.
  • Imparfait (Imperfect): used to express actions that were ongoing or habitual in the past.
  • Conditionnel présent (Conditional Present): used to express hypothetical or possible actions or states in the present or future.

Agreement With Gender And Number

Like most French nouns, “expérience” agrees in gender and number with the other elements of the sentence. It can be masculine or feminine, singular or plural, depending on the context.

For example:

  • Singular masculine: Un scientifique mène une expérience. (A scientist conducts an experiment.)
  • Singular feminine: La nouvelle expérience est prometteuse. (The new experiment is promising.)
  • Plural masculine: Les résultats des expériences sont concluants. (The results of the experiments are conclusive.)
  • Plural feminine: Les expériences sont diverses et variées. (The experiments are diverse and varied.)

Common Exceptions

One common exception to the grammatical rules is the use of “expérience” as an adverbial noun. In this case, it is invariable and does not agree in gender or number. For example:

  • Il a réussi son examen grâce à son expérience. (He passed his exam thanks to his experience.)

Another exception is the use of the verb “expérimenter” as a transitive verb, which means it requires a direct object. In this case, the direct object can be either a thing or a person, and the verb agrees in gender and number with the object. For example:

  • J’expérimente une nouvelle méthode. (I am experimenting with a new method.)
  • Elle expérimente ses nouvelles idées sur ses collègues. (She is experimenting her new ideas on her colleagues.)

Examples Of Phrases Using The French Word For “Experiment”

When learning a new language, it can be helpful to learn common phrases and expressions that use specific words. In this case, we will explore some examples of phrases that include the French word for experiment, “expérience”.

Examples And Usage

Here are some examples of phrases that use “expérience” and their English translations:

French Phrase English Translation
Faire une expérience To conduct an experiment
Expérience scientifique Scientific experiment
Expérience de vie Life experience
Expérience professionnelle Professional experience

As shown in the table above, “expérience” can be used in a variety of contexts, from scientific experiments to personal experiences. It is important to note that the word can be used as both a noun and a verb in French, so its usage can vary depending on the context of the sentence.

Example Dialogue

Here is an example dialogue using “expérience” in a conversation:

Person A: J’ai fait une expérience scientifique aujourd’hui.
Person B: Ah bon? Quelle genre d’expérience?
Person A: J’ai testé l’effet de la lumière sur la croissance des plantes.
Person B: C’est intéressant! Comment ça s’est passé?
Person A: Les résultats étaient prometteurs, mais j’ai besoin de faire plus d’expériences pour être sûr.

In this dialogue, Person A discusses conducting a scientific experiment involving the growth of plants and shares their results with Person B. This example demonstrates how “expérience” can be used in everyday conversation to discuss a variety of topics.

More Contextual Uses Of The French Word For “Experiment”

When learning a new language, it’s important to understand the various contexts in which a word can be used. The French word for “experiment” is “expérience,” and it can be used in a variety of ways depending on the situation.

Formal Usage

In formal settings, such as academic or scientific environments, “expérience” is commonly used to refer to an experiment or scientific study. For example, “Nous avons mené une expérience pour tester notre hypothèse” (We conducted an experiment to test our hypothesis).

Informal Usage

In more informal settings, “expérience” can be used to describe a personal experience or adventure. For example, “J’ai vécu une expérience incroyable en faisant du saut à l’élastique” (I had an incredible experience bungee jumping).

Other Contexts

Aside from its more literal uses, “expérience” can also be used in slang or idiomatic expressions. For example, “avoir de l’expérience” (to have experience) is a common phrase used to describe someone with expertise in a particular area. Additionally, “expérience de mort imminente” (near-death experience) is a cultural phenomenon that has gained popularity in recent years.

Popular Cultural Usage

One popular cultural usage of “expérience” is in the title of the French reality TV show “L’expérience interdite” (The Forbidden Experiment). The show explores controversial social and psychological experiments, and has gained a loyal following in France.

Regional Variations Of The French Word For “Experiment”

French is spoken in many countries around the world, each with their own unique dialects and regional variations. As a result, the French language has many regional variations, including differences in vocabulary and pronunciation. One word that varies in its usage and pronunciation across different French-speaking regions is the word for “experiment.”

Usage Of “Experiment” In Different French-speaking Countries

The French word for “experiment” is “expérience.” However, this word is not used in the same way in every French-speaking country. In Quebec, for example, the word “essai” is often used instead of “expérience.” This is because “essai” is a more common word in Quebec French, and is often used to refer to an experiment or a test.

In other French-speaking countries, such as Belgium and Switzerland, the word “expérience” is used more commonly to refer to an experiment or a test. However, there may still be some regional variations in the usage of this word, depending on the specific dialect of French spoken in that region.

Regional Pronunciations Of “Experiment”

Along with differences in usage, there are also regional variations in the pronunciation of the French word for “experiment.” In standard French, the word “expérience” is pronounced with a silent “x” and a nasalized “e” sound at the end. However, in Quebec French, the word “essai” is pronounced with a more open “e” sound at the beginning, and a more closed “i” sound at the end.

In other French-speaking regions, such as Belgium and Switzerland, the pronunciation of “expérience” may differ slightly from the standard French pronunciation. For example, in some regions, the nasalized “e” sound at the end of the word may be pronounced more like an “a” sound.

Overall, the French word for “experiment” has different regional variations in its usage and pronunciation depending on the specific French-speaking country or region. Understanding these regional variations can be helpful for anyone learning French, as it can help them to better understand and communicate with French speakers from different parts of the world.

Other Uses Of The French Word For “Experiment” In Speaking & Writing

While the French word for “experiment” is commonly used to refer to scientific experiments, it can also have other meanings depending on the context in which it is used. It is important to understand these different uses in order to use the word correctly and avoid confusion.

1. Everyday Use

In everyday conversation, the French word for “experiment” (expérience) can be used to describe any kind of trial or test. For example, if someone is trying out a new recipe, they might say “Je fais une expérience culinaire” (I am conducting a culinary experiment).

2. Philosophical Use

In philosophy, the French word for “experiment” can be used to refer to thought experiments or hypothetical scenarios that are used to explore a particular concept or idea. For example, the famous “trolley problem” thought experiment is often referred to as “l’expérience du tramway” in French.

3. Figurative Use

Finally, the French word for “experiment” can also be used in a more figurative sense to describe any kind of new or untested experience. For example, someone might say “Je vais tenter l’expérience” (I am going to try the experiment) to describe a new job or travel opportunity.

It is important to pay attention to the context in which the word is being used in order to determine its specific meaning. In scientific contexts, it will typically refer to a controlled trial or test, while in everyday conversation, it may refer to any kind of trial or experiment.

Common Words And Phrases Similar To The French Word For “Experiment”

When it comes to finding synonyms for the French word “experiment,” there are several options to choose from. Some of the most commonly used words and phrases include:

1. Essai

Essai is a French word that is often used interchangeably with “experiment.” It can refer to an attempt or trial, as well as an essay or written composition. While the word essai is similar in meaning to “experiment,” it is generally used in a more literary context.

2. Expérience Scientifique

Another common phrase that is similar in meaning to the French word for experiment is “expérience scientifique,” which translates to “scientific experiment.” This phrase is often used to describe experiments that are conducted in a scientific setting, such as a laboratory.

3. Test

The word “test” is also commonly used as a synonym for “experiment” in French. While the two words have slightly different connotations, they can be used interchangeably in many contexts. The word “test” is often used to describe experiments that are conducted to measure the effectiveness or quality of a particular product or process.

While there are many words and phrases that are similar in meaning to the French word for “experiment,” there are also some antonyms to be aware of. These include:

  • Erreur (error)
  • Échec (failure)
  • Abandon (abandonment)

While these words are the opposite of “experiment” in meaning, they are important to understand as they can help to provide context for the word “experiment” and its usage in different situations.

Mistakes To Avoid When Using The French Word For “Experiment”

When using the French word for “experiment,” non-native speakers often make common mistakes that can affect the meaning of their sentences. One of the most frequent errors is using the verb “essayer” instead of “expérimenter.” Although “essayer” can mean “to try” or “to attempt,” it does not convey the same scientific meaning as “expérimenter.”

Another mistake is using the noun “expérience” instead of the verb “expérimenter.” While “expérience” can mean “experiment,” it is a noun and not a verb, and therefore cannot be used to describe the action of conducting an experiment.


In conclusion, learning how to say experiment in French can be a valuable addition to your language skills. Here are the key points we have discussed in this blog post:

  • The French word for experiment is “expérience.”
  • It is a feminine noun, so it is accompanied by the definite article “la.”
  • There are several related words and phrases that can be useful in scientific contexts, such as “mener une expérience” (to conduct an experiment) and “résultats d’expérience” (experimental results).

By practicing and using these words and phrases in real-life conversations, you can improve your French language skills and expand your ability to communicate in scientific contexts.

Shawn Manaher

Shawn Manaher is the founder and CEO of The Content Authority and He’s a seasoned innovator, harnessing the power of technology to connect cultures through language. His worse translation though is when he refers to “pancakes” as “flat waffles”.