How Do You Say “Below” In Spanish?

Learning Spanish can be a fun and exciting journey that opens up a whole new world of communication and culture. Whether you’re planning a trip to a Spanish-speaking country or simply want to expand your language skills, it’s important to have a solid foundation in the basics. One of the most basic concepts in any language is how to express location and direction. In Spanish, the word for “below” is…


How Do You Pronounce The Spanish Word For “Below”?

Learning to properly pronounce Spanish words can be a challenge for many non-native speakers. One word that may be particularly difficult to pronounce is “below.” However, with the right tools and guidance, you can master the correct pronunciation of this word.

Phonetic Breakdown Of The Word

The Spanish word for “below” is “debajo.” Here is the phonetic breakdown of the word:

Letter(s) Pronunciation
d like the “d” in “dog”
e like the “e” in “bet”
b like the “b” in “boy”
a like the “a” in “father”
j like the “h” in “hello”
o like the “o” in “go”

Tips For Pronunciation

Now that you know the phonetic breakdown of the word, here are some tips for pronouncing “debajo” correctly:

  • Make sure to pronounce the “j” sound like the “h” in “hello.”
  • Pay attention to the stress on the second syllable (ba-JO). This is important for proper pronunciation.
  • Practice saying the word slowly at first, focusing on each individual sound. Then, gradually speed up your pronunciation.
  • Listen to native Spanish speakers say the word and try to imitate their pronunciation.

With these tips and a little bit of practice, you can confidently pronounce the Spanish word for “below” in no time.

Proper Grammatical Use Of The Spanish Word For “Below”

Proper grammar is essential when using the Spanish word for “below,” as with any other word in the language. Incorrect usage can lead to misunderstandings and miscommunications, which can be particularly problematic in formal settings or when dealing with individuals who are not fluent in the language.

Placement Of “Below” In Sentences

The Spanish word for “below” is “abajo.” It is typically placed after the verb in a sentence, although it can also be used as a preposition before a noun. For example:

  • El gato está abajo. (The cat is below.)
  • Abajo del puente hay un río. (Below the bridge there is a river.)

Verb Conjugations Or Tenses

The placement of “abajo” in a sentence does not affect the verb conjugation or tense. The verb should be conjugated according to the subject and the tense being used. For example:

  • Yo estoy abajo. (I am below.)
  • Ellos estuvieron abajo. (They were below.)

Agreement With Gender And Number

Like most Spanish adverbs, “abajo” does not change according to gender or number. It remains the same regardless of whether it is describing a masculine or feminine noun, or whether it is referring to a singular or plural subject. For example:

  • La mesa está abajo. (The table is below.)
  • Los libros están abajo. (The books are below.)

Common Exceptions

There are a few common exceptions to the standard placement of “abajo” in a sentence. For example, it can be used as a prefix to certain verbs to change their meaning. In these cases, “abajo” is placed before the verb. For example:

  • Bajar (to go down) – Abajar (to lower)
  • Subir (to go up) – Asubir (to raise)

Additionally, “abajo” can be used as a noun to refer to the lower part of something, such as a building or a mountain. In this case, it is preceded by the definite article “el” and is often used in the plural. For example:

  • Los abajos de la montaña son muy empinados. (The lower parts of the mountain are very steep.)
  • El sótano está en el abajo del edificio. (The basement is in the lower part of the building.)

Examples Of Phrases Using The Spanish Word For “Below”

Knowing how to use the Spanish word for “below” is an important step in mastering the language. Here are some common phrases that include “below” and how to use them in sentences:

Phrases Using “Below”

Phrase Translation Usage
Debajo de Below El gato está debajo de la mesa. (The cat is below the table.)
Por debajo de Beneath La cueva está por debajo de la montaña. (The cave is beneath the mountain.)
Más abajo Lower down El río está más abajo de la ciudad. (The river is lower down from the city.)
Por debajo del promedio Below average Mi nota fue por debajo del promedio. (My grade was below average.)

As you can see, “below” can be translated in several ways depending on the context. Here are some example dialogues that use “below”:

Example Dialogues

Dialogue 1:

Person 1: ¿Dónde está mi libro?

Person 2: Está debajo de la cama.


Person 1: Where is my book?

Person 2: It’s below the bed.

Dialogue 2:

Person 1: ¿A dónde vamos?

Person 2: Vamos por debajo del puente.


Person 1: Where are we going?

Person 2: We’re going beneath the bridge.

Dialogue 3:

Person 1: ¿Cómo te fue en el examen?

Person 2: Me fue por debajo del promedio.


Person 1: How did you do on the exam?

Person 2: I did below average.

More Contextual Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Below”

Understanding the many different contexts in which the Spanish word for “below” can be used is essential for mastering the language. From formal to informal settings, slang to idiomatic expressions, and even cultural and historical uses, there are many ways in which this word can be utilized. In this section, we will explore some of the most common contextual uses of the Spanish word for “below.”

Formal Usage Of “Below”

In formal settings, the Spanish word for “below” is often used to convey a sense of hierarchy or order. For example, in a business meeting, a presenter may use the word to refer to a lower level of management or a subordinate position. Additionally, the word can be used in formal writing, such as academic papers or legal documents, to describe a lower position or status. In these contexts, the word is typically used in its literal sense and is not often used in slang or idiomatic expressions.

Informal Usage Of “Below”

Conversely, in informal settings, the Spanish word for “below” can take on a variety of different meanings and connotations. For example, it can be used to describe a lower level of quality, such as a product that is inferior to another. It can also be used in a metaphorical sense to describe a person or situation that is beneath someone’s dignity or status. In these contexts, the word is often used in slang or idiomatic expressions and can vary widely depending on the region or culture in which it is used.

Other Contexts

Aside from its formal and informal uses, the Spanish word for “below” can also be used in a variety of other contexts. For example, it can be used in slang or idiomatic expressions, such as “estar por los suelos,” which means to be down in the dumps or feeling low. Additionally, the word can have cultural or historical significance, such as in the context of the Spanish Civil War, where it was used to refer to the Republican forces who fought against Franco’s Nationalists. Finally, the word can also be used in popular culture, such as in song lyrics or movie titles, where it may take on a new meaning or connotation.

Regional Variations Of The Spanish Word For “Below”

Just like any language, Spanish has regional variations in terms of vocabulary, pronunciation, and even grammar. Thus, it’s not surprising that the word for “below” in Spanish also varies depending on the country or region where it’s used.

Usage Of The Spanish Word For “Below” In Different Spanish-speaking Countries

Below are some examples of how the word for “below” is used in different Spanish-speaking countries:

Country Word for “Below” Example Sentence
Mexico Abajo La llave está abajo del fregadero. (The key is below the sink.)
Spain Debajo El libro está debajo de la mesa. (The book is below the table.)
Argentina Debajo de El gato está debajo de la cama. (The cat is below the bed.)

As you can see, the word for “below” in Spanish varies not only in terms of the actual word used but also in how it’s used in a sentence.

Regional Pronunciations

Aside from variations in vocabulary and usage, regional variations also affect the pronunciation of the word for “below” in Spanish. For example, in Mexico, the “j” sound in “abajo” is pronounced as an “h” sound, while in Spain, the “j” sound in “debajo” is pronounced more like an “h” sound as well.

Overall, it’s important to be aware of these regional variations when speaking Spanish, especially if you’re communicating with native speakers from different countries or regions. This way, you can avoid confusion and better understand the nuances of the language.

Other Uses Of The Spanish Word For “Below” In Speaking & Writing

It may come as a surprise to some that the Spanish word for “below,” which is “abajo,” can have different meanings depending on the context it is used in. Understanding these various uses can help learners of Spanish communicate more effectively and avoid confusion.

Distinguishing Between Uses

One common use of “abajo” is to indicate a physical location that is lower than the speaker or the object of discussion. For example, “El gato está abajo de la cama” means “The cat is below the bed.” In this case, “abajo” is used as a preposition to describe the cat’s position in relation to the bed.

Another use of “abajo” is to express a downward movement or action. For instance, “Bajé las escaleras abajo” translates to “I went down the stairs below.” Here, “abajo” functions as an adverb to indicate the direction of the speaker’s movement.

Additionally, “abajo” can be used figuratively to convey a sense of inferiority or lower rank. For example, “Mi puesto en la empresa está abajo del suyo” means “My position in the company is below yours.” In this case, “abajo” is used as an adjective to describe the speaker’s position in relation to the other person’s.

It is important to pay attention to the context in which “abajo” is used to determine its intended meaning. By doing so, learners of Spanish can avoid misunderstandings and communicate more clearly.

Common Words And Phrases Similar To The Spanish Word For “Below”

When it comes to finding words and phrases similar to the Spanish word for “below,” there are a number of options to choose from. Here are some of the most common:

1. Debajo

Debajo is one of the most common words used to express the idea of “below” in Spanish. It is often used to refer to something that is physically located beneath another object or surface. For example:

  • La mesa está debajo de la ventana. (The table is below the window.)
  • El agua está debajo del puente. (The water is below the bridge.)

2. Bajo

Bajo is another word that can be used to express the concept of “below” in Spanish. However, it is more commonly used to indicate a position or status that is lower than another. For example:

  • El jefe está bajo el gerente. (The boss is below the manager.)
  • Los estudiantes están bajo la dirección del profesor. (The students are under the direction of the teacher.)

3. Abajo

Abajo is a more general term that can be used to indicate a position or direction that is below something else. It is often used in phrases like “downstairs” or “down below.” For example:

  • Los baños están abajo. (The bathrooms are downstairs.)
  • El tesoro está escondido abajo del árbol. (The treasure is hidden down below the tree.)


While there are many words and phrases that can be used to express the concept of “below” in Spanish, there are also a number of antonyms that can be used to indicate the opposite. Here are a few examples:

  • Encima (above)
  • Arriba (up)
  • Sobre (on top of)

Mistakes To Avoid When Using The Spanish Word For “Below”

When it comes to speaking Spanish, using the word “below” can be a bit tricky for non-native speakers. This is because there are several words in Spanish that can be used to convey the same meaning as “below.” As a result, many non-native speakers tend to make mistakes when using this word. In this section, we will highlight some common mistakes made by non-native speakers and provide tips to avoid them.

Common Mistakes To Avoid

Here are some common mistakes that non-native speakers make when using the Spanish word for “below” and tips to avoid them:

  1. Using “abajo” instead of “debajo”: “Abajo” and “debajo” both mean “below,” but they are used in different contexts. “Abajo” is used to refer to something that is physically lower than something else, while “debajo” is used to refer to something that is under or beneath something else. For example, “La mesa está debajo del libro” (The table is below the book) and “La mesa está abajo de la escalera” (The table is below the stairs).
  2. Using “bajo” instead of “debajo”: “Bajo” is also a Spanish word that means “below,” but it is mainly used to refer to something that is low in position or height. For example, “El perro está bajo la mesa” (The dog is below the table). However, “bajo” is not used to refer to something that is under or beneath something else.
  3. Using “abajo” instead of “abajo de”: Sometimes, non-native speakers forget to use the preposition “de” after “abajo” when referring to something that is below something else. For example, “El coche está abajo” (The car is below) instead of “El coche está abajo del puente” (The car is below the bridge).
  4. Using “debajo” instead of “bajo”: Although “debajo” is the correct word to use when referring to something that is under or beneath something else, sometimes non-native speakers use “debajo” when “bajo” is more appropriate. For example, “El libro está debajo de la mesa” (The book is under the table) instead of “El libro está bajo la mesa” (The book is below the table).


In this blog post, we have explored the different ways to say “below” in Spanish. We established that “below” can be translated as “debajo de” or “abajo de”, depending on the context. We then delved into the nuances of each expression and how they can be used in different situations.

We also discussed the importance of understanding prepositions in Spanish, as they can significantly impact the meaning of a sentence. By mastering prepositions like “debajo de” and “abajo de”, learners can communicate more effectively and avoid common mistakes.

Encouragement To Practice

Learning a new language takes time and practice. While this blog post provides a solid foundation for understanding how to say “below” in Spanish, it is crucial to apply this knowledge in real-life conversations.

We encourage readers to practice using “debajo de” and “abajo de” in different contexts, such as giving directions, describing location, or talking about objects. By actively engaging with the language, learners can build their confidence and improve their fluency.

Remember, making mistakes is a natural part of the language learning process. Don’t be afraid to practice and experiment with different expressions. With time and dedication, you can master the art of speaking Spanish with ease.

Shawn Manaher

Shawn Manaher is the founder and CEO of The Content Authority and He’s a seasoned innovator, harnessing the power of technology to connect cultures through language. His worse translation though is when he refers to “pancakes” as “flat waffles”.